By Michael S. Casey
The tiny state of Kuwait grabbed the world's cognizance throughout the Gulf conflict, in which its common petroleum source grew to become the envy of its neighboring kingdom of Iraq. yet Kuwait's heritage is going again lengthy ahead of any oil used to be stumbled on, again to Mesopotamian settlements as early as 3000 BCE. excellent for prime university scholars in addition to basic readers, historical past of Kuwait deals a finished examine how this kind of small kingdom might, basically, rule the area with only one average source. From sheikhdom to British protectorate to independence to invasion, Kuwait's historical past is lengthy and wealthy with tradition. Michael S. Casey demonstrates how this heart japanese gem has grown in the course of the centuries.
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Extra info for The History of Kuwait
Kuwaiti vessels traveled to Basrah to pick up dates, then visited ports along the Persian Gulf, and then proceeded to Zanzibar and to Karachi, Pakistan. When the vessels returned to Kuwait about seven months later, they would be carrying spices, cloth, mangrove logs, and rice. The logs were needed to provide timber for the roofs of houses. Nomadic Bedouin groups that had rarely visited soon began to return to Kuwait’s markets year after year. Prosperity also brought unwanted attention, however.
Continuing threats from the Ottomans, the Persians, the Bani Kaab, the Qawasim, and the Wahhabis forced Kuwait’s sheikhs to keep an eye on the horizon for approaching danger. The commercial and military advantages of maintaining strong positive relations with sometimes-competing outside powers, in particular the Ottomans and the British, encouraged the Kuwaitis to constantly position and reposition according to the prevailing political winds. Isolation was not a viable foreign policy; the Al-Sabah sheikhs, whether they liked it or not, were forced to interact with their world.
Every subsequent Kuwaiti leader would follow in the tradition of Sabah I in that he would rule cautiously, seek political support domestically, and rely on diplomacy to the maximum extent possible internationally. 30 The History of Kuwait As the new sheikh, Sabah I handled the local administration of justice and the collection of taxes and tariffs. To help him in this role, Sabah I, like any Muslim ruler, could always look to the Qur’an and Shariah law for guidance. Salifa, or custom, was equally important in resolving differences in Bedouin tradition, however, and it appears that Kuwait’s sheikhs were especially good at following custom and avoiding discord.