By Peter Huggenberger, Jannis Epting
Urban subsurface assets and especially city groundwater are at risk of environmental affects, and their rational administration is of significant significance. during this publication a multidisciplinary group of experts and scientists offers cutting edge process-oriented techniques to the sustainable use of those assets. The incorporated case experiences from northwestern Switzerland describe consultant environments and are suitable for city components more often than not. They illustrate the security of groundwater; river recovery; engineering and hydrogeological questions on the topic of city infrastructure and administration thoughts; in addition to tracking, modeling and remediation ideas for infected websites; difficulties brought on by karst in city environments; using shallow geothermal strength; and typical risks equivalent to flood occasions and earthquakes.
It is confirmed that smooth quantitative earth sciences can give a contribution considerably find strategies in regards to the sustainable use of subsurface assets in city environments.
The publication is a useful resource of knowledge for hydrogeologists, geologists, city planners, water provide engineers, and environmental agencies.
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Extra info for Urban Geology: Process-Oriented Concepts for Adaptive and Integrated Resource Management
The river corridor concept was outlined by Stanford and Ward (1993) in the context of riverine ecology. The delineation of GWBs not only is relevant for the optimization of water resource management. GWBs also allow the definition of boundaries and to derive fluxes of heat and mass across these boundaries. The system in- and outflows represent important boundaries, which may explain principal water quality issues for drinking water production systems. In the present chapter, a concept for defining such boundaries is outlined, including the implication of GWBs for urban resource management.
34 P. Huggenberger et al. Vulnerability assessment methods can be divided into “source” and “resource protection” methods (H€ otzl 1996). Resource protection methods aim to protect all of the groundwater, whereas source protection methods focus on the protection of a discrete water source. Source protection methods are based on the assumption that some places within a catchment area are more vulnerable to contamination than others. Since the mid-1980s, worldwide researchers have developed various strategies for the protection of groundwater sources, with methods for groundwater vulnerability mapping as one of the most important (National Research Council 1993).
Huggenberger et al. 1. How can risk situations for subsurface and water resources be minimized during and after infrastructure development or other human activities based on preliminary risk assessment and the implementation of adequate monitoring and modeling approaches (Chap. 5)? 2. How far can water supply systems be optimized regarding to the temporal and spatial transient character of pollution hazards and vulnerability (microbial or persistent chemical compounds; Sects. 3)? 3. Which are the main human and natural caused hazards to the present environmental systems and what is their frequency (including natural hazards and anthropogenic pollution; Sects.