By David S. Bachrach
Germany was once the main strong country within the medieval West from the mid-tenth to the mid-thirteenth century. even if, its background is still mostly unknown outdoor of the German-speaking areas of recent Europe. till lately, just about all of the assets for medieval Germany have been to be had purely within the unique Latin or in German translations, whereas such a lot scholarly research has been in German. The restricted English-language scholarship has all in favour of royal politics and the aristocracy. Even this present day, English-speaking scholars will locate little or no in regards to the decrease social orders, or Germany's city facilities that got here to play an more and more vital function within the social, fiscal, political, non secular, and army lifetime of the German state after the flip of the millennium. the interpretation of the 4 texts during this quantity is meant to aid fill those lacunae. They specialize in the town of Worms within the interval c.1000 to c.1300. From them readers can stick with advancements during this urban over a interval of just about 3 centuries from the viewpoint of writers who lived there, gaining insights concerning the lives of either wealthy and terrible, Christian and Jew. No different urban in Germany presents an analogous chance for comparability of adjustments through the years. As vital, Worms was once an "early adopter" of latest political, fiscal, institutional, and armed forces traditions, which might later turn into normative for towns during the German nation. Worms was once one of many first towns to strengthen as a middle of episcopal strength; it used to be additionally one of many first to boost an self reliant city executive, and was once precocious in rising as a de facto city-state within the mid-thirteenth century. those political advancements, with their concomitant social, fiscal, and armed forces results, may outline city lifestyles through the German state. In sum, the heritage of Worms as informed within the narrative assets during this quantity will be understood as illuminating the wider city heritage of the German country on the top of its energy.
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Extra info for The Histories of a Medieval German City, Worms c. 1000-c. 1300: Translation and Commentary
In addition, there is no surviving grant by Otto III to Worms regarding the monastery of Lorsch. 32 The church of St. Clemente in Rome. 3. 34 It is noteworthy that the author identifies Rome as the home of the emperor later in this chapter. 35 Franco died on September 4, 999. 31 The Histories of a Medieval German City, Worms c. 1000–c. After the bishop died, there were immediately a number of petitioners asking the emperor for the bishopric. A certain Erpho was renowned for his work as a pastor.
48 For the tenth-century improvements to the city walls of Worms, see Brühl, Palatium und Civitas, 124–6. Introduction 17 they provided to their sons, their sources of wealth, their expectations regarding sexual mores, marriage, and children, the political life of the city of Worms, and the connections between the city and its agricultural environs. 49 The text opens in a manner consistent with the form of the vita common in the early medieval period by describing the birth of Eckenbert and the signs displayed at the time that indicated he would become a holy man.
Regarding Burchard’s family, see Wolfgang Metz, “Zur Herkunft und Verwandtschaft Burchards I. von Worms,” Hessisches Jahrbuch für Landesgeschichte 26 (1976): 27–42. 17 It was once thought that Burchard studied at the monastery of Lobbes, but it is now generally accepted that he went to study at Coblenz either at the monastery of St. Kastor or the monastery of St. Florian. See Ulrich Bubenheimer, “Der Aufenthalt Burchards von Worms im Kloster Lobbes als Erfindung des Johannes Trithemius,” Zeitschrift der SavignyStiftung für Rechtsgeschichte Kanonistische Abteilung 89 (1972): 320–37, here 321; Metz, “Zur Herkunft,” 27–42, and Austin, Shaping Church Law, 55–60.