Promoting Trade In Services: Experience Of The Baltic States by Organization for Economic Cooperation &

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Com 127(6 1. The three business surveys of the service sector were carried out in Estonia (by Ms. Elin Saks), Latvia (by Ms. Erika Sumilo) and Lithuania (by Mr. Jonas Butautis) at the beginning of 2001, and were discussed with Baltic trade officials at the meeting organised by the OECD in Tallinn in December 2001. 2. The business surveys were conducted in 1995 in each of the three Baltic States by Ms. Elin Saks and were discussed with Baltic trade officials in the meeting organised by the OECD in Helsinki in June 1995.

There is a growing body of literature exploring methods for analysing market access conditions and trade barriers for services in general or for specific sectors (OECD, 2003). Some studies assess restrictiveness of barriers to trade in services, using weighting methodologies or alternative approaches based on price-impact and quantityimpact measures. Various restrictiveness indices have been developed for different modes of service supply or specific services sectors, by incorporating information on the type of barriers and their likely economic impact.

For example, approximately 60% of Finnish companies evaluate Estonia’s economic policy environment as “non-problematic” and stress the country's liberal trade policy and income tax exemption for reinvestments as sufficient incentives to attract foreign investment. )LJXUH  5HVWULFWLYH /LFHQVLQJ 3URFHGXUHV (%) ' &! $( % # # "! & !!   (  @ † ‡‚  vh G h ‡‰ vh  ‚ ‡Ãh à … ‚ i yr € à À v ‚ … € r q vˆ € T‚ˆ…pr: OECD Business Surveys, 2001. G v‡u ˆ h  vh † r … v‚ ˆ † Ã É r … ’ Æ r … v‚ ˆ † A number of respondents thought, however, that licensing procedures were in several cases either too bureaucratic or too costly, especially in industries such as telecommunications and transportation in Lithuania.

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