By William Terrill
Utilizing observational information from towns, Terrill reviews police use of strength to higher know the way and why officials hotel to strength. He examines the level of strength inside of person police-citizen encounters and assessments a number of theoretical views (sociological, mental, and organizational) pertaining to why officials inn to strength. extra he deals the Resistance strength Comparative Scale as a way for analyzing how officials stream in regards to the strength continuum. effects convey that officials use greater degrees of strength on male, nonwhite, negative, younger, and intoxicated voters, providing basic aid inside a sociological theoretical framework. strangely, although, officials aren't extra forceful towards disrespectful electorate. Analyses additionally display that officials differentially boost and de-escalate strength in keeping with the presence and nature of citizen resistance. curiously, officials don't leap on the chance to take advantage of strength on resistant suspects, supplying in its place a moment probability to conform earlier than employing elevated degrees of strength.
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Extra info for Police Coercion: Application of the Force Continuum (Criminal Justice: Recent Scholarship) (Criminal Justice Series: Recent Scholarhsip)
Second, police force is best understood when conceived and measured along a continuum according to the severity of harm it imposes on citizens. Grouping all force together as if all acts are similar masks important variations. As a result, each instance of force was measured and coded into one of the following categories: commands, threats, pat downs, handcuffing, firm grips, pain compliance techniques, takedown maneuvers, striking with parts of the body, and striking with an external mechanism.
This item is used as a proxy to gauge how free officers feel to go about their duties, one of which is to use force. It is posited that the less constraint the officer feels, the more inclined he or she may be to use force. Ideally, a measure asking how often supervisors 40 Police Coercion monitor and review use of force cases would be available, but this item was not included in the survey. Department and first-line supervision are formal aspects of control. Others (Brown, 1981; Manning, 1989) have emphasized the informal aspects of organizations such as the work group.
Hypotheses 7 In accordance with the theoretical framework outlined above, the following hypotheses are tested: Citizen Officers are more coercive toward: • male citizens • nonwhite citizens • younger citizens • poorer citizens • citizens displaying signs of anger or fear • citizens displaying signs of alcohol or drug use • citizens displaying signs of mental impairment • citizens displaying disrespectful behavior 42 Police Coercion Officer Officers who are more coercive are: • male • white • less experienced • less educated Officers who are more coercive: • have less training in verbal mediation • view their role as one of crime fighter • view the citizenry as distrustful • believe overlooking legal guidelines is necessary to do their job Organizational • Indianapolis officers (law enforcement-oriented) are more coercive than St.