Personality Traits, 3rd edition by Gerald Matthews, Ian J. Deary, Martha C. Whiteman

By Gerald Matthews, Ian J. Deary, Martha C. Whiteman

Now in its 3rd version, this dynamic textbook analyses the qualities primary to human character: what they're, why they subject, their organic and social foundations, how they play out in human existence and their effects for cognition, tension and actual and psychological overall healthiness. The textual content additionally considers the purposes of character evaluate in medical, academic and occupational settings, offering the reader with a close realizing of the complete box of character qualities. This version, now in 2-colour with greater scholar positive aspects, contains the newest study from behavioural genetics, neuroscience, social psychology and cognitive technological know-how, assesses the influence of recent learn suggestions like mind imagery, and offers extra content material on positive factors of features and functional makes use of of character overview. this is often an important textbook for college kids taking classes in character and person modifications and likewise presents researchers and practitioners with a coherent, updated survey of this important region.

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Extra resources for Personality Traits, 3rd edition

Example text

Again, even within theories that are sympathetic to the traditional view of traits, there has been some modification of the basic view. For example, Cattell and Kline (1977) distinguished ‘surface’ traits, which are simply clusters of overt responses which tend to be associated, from ‘source’ traits, which are deeper properties of the person with causal effects on behaviour. Modern developments of traditional theory seek to identify and explain underlying sources of consistency in behaviour, whether these are conceived of as genetic, physiological or cognitive in nature.

First, as Hettema and Deary (1993) pointed out, the explaining of behaviour requires different levels of analysis, including genetics, physiology, learning and social factors. Allport’s notion that all the various manifestations of traits can be explained at a single level of ‘mental structure’ is simplistic. Hence, causal models of trait action will vary depending on the level investigated, although the ultimate research aim is to develop a trait theory that will interrelate the various levels.

To better keep up with new developments, we invited a new author to join the original duo: Dr Whiteman brings expertise in health, epidemiology and lifespan aspects of personality. Recent research confirms our original contention that trait research is becoming ever more interwoven into mainstream psychology. Focal topics as diverse as behaviour genetics, stress and abnormality simply cannot be understood without reference to traits. Several fields of inquiry have seen the extension and elaboration of research that we highlighted in the first edition.

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