Personality and Temperament in Nonhuman Primates by Joan Stevenson-Hinde, Camilla A. Hinde (auth.), Alexander

By Joan Stevenson-Hinde, Camilla A. Hinde (auth.), Alexander Weiss, James E. King, Lindsay Murray (eds.)

The results of a symposium hosted via the yank Society of Primatologists, this quantity attests to the massive strides made in contemporary many years via researchers learning primates and their habit. study into the concept of ‘personality’ in nonhuman primates could be traced again to the Nineteen Thirties and 40s, while primatologists started to observe huge person ameliorations within the behavioral and emotional disposition of monkeys and apes. Jane Goodall’s paintings at Gombe nationwide Park driven the sphere additional, yet its perceived anthropomorphism used to be frowned on for a time. Undeterred, primatologists persisted to enquire points of character at Gombe. Peter Buirski’s ‘Emotions Profile Index’ and the Madingley questionnaire utilized by Joan Stevenson-Hinde and her staff have been very important advancements or even knowledgeable paintings in different species.

With contributions from the various top researchers at present exploring the subject, this assortment fulfils a necessity for a complete survey of the newest advancements within the learn of character and temperament in nonhuman primates. but it additionally contextualizes the topic through overlaying early paintings within the box in addition to key ongoing matters similar to technique. a chain of chapters then supply research of empirical experiences that examine elements of primate temperament as diversified as impulsivity and aggression and the ecological implications of animal character. This book, then, demonstrates the richness and variety of the sector in addition to being a resource of suggestion for researchers devoted to investigating the subject.

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Testing contexts also give researchers control over the situation in which the rating/ coding is occurring. For example, a subject can be placed in different social groupings or away from distractions. This contrasts with studies using naturalistic observation where subjects cannot be manipulated at all and where animals cannot be tested separately from other group members or out of their home cages. Another advantage of testing contexts is the ability to elicit specific types of behavior. For example, Watson and Ward (1996) used the testing context to assess the relationship between temperament and problem solving.

In: Roeder JJ, Thierry B, Anderson JR, Herrenschmidt N (eds) Current primatology, Vol. II: Social development, learning and behavior. University of Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg Noldus LPJJ (1991) The Observer: A software system for collection and analysis of observational data. Behav Res Methods Instrum Comput 23:415–429 Pederson AK, King JE, Landau VI (2005) Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) personality predicts behavior. J Res Pers 39:534–549 Plutchik R (1965) What is an emotion?

A new individual being shown to, but not introduced to, the group (Fairbanks and Jorgensen 2011). The third condition, cumulative observation, (used in 25% of studies) applies only to the rating method and refers to the studies in which ratings are based on the knowledge and experience that each rater has accumulated since he or she has known the target animal; Martin’s (2005) study of chimpanzees would fall into this category because the observers rated the animals based on their memories of experiences accumulated over the course of their acquaintance, which ranged from 1 to over 20 years.

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