By Johan Galtung
Johan Galtung, one of many founders of recent peace reviews, offers a wide-ranging landscape of the tips, theories and assumptions on which the examine of peace is based.
The booklet is prepared in 4 components, every one reading the single of the 4 significant theoretical methods to peace. the 1st half covers peace conception, exploring the epistemological assumptions of peace. partly clash idea is tested with an exploration of nonviolent and inventive dealing with of clash. Developmental concept is mentioned partially 3, exploring structural violence, rather within the monetary box, including a attention of the methods of overcoming that violence. The fourth half is dedicated to civilization conception. This consists of an exploration of cultural violence targeting the deeper points of cultures. eventually, the threads of those 4 ways are drawn including a spotlight on peace motion - peace through peaceable capacity.
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Additional resources for Peace by Peaceful Means: Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization
Nature, gender, generation, race, class, nation, country. Northwest, Northeast, Southwest, Southeast; territorial (state-system), non-territorial (capital, civil society, people). This SAGE ebook is copyright and is supplied by NetLibrary. Unauthorised distribution forbidden. ' intra-time, kairos; and inter-time, khronos. This scheme can then be simplified t o distinguish between nature, actor, structure, culture, and time, violence or peace. Nature violence would originate in nature, including in the human body, and be unin tended (by any human subject).
Or even reincarnation? Why not rebirth in some other form, inspired by the same guide-light, improvement of the human condition? Discontinuous ruptures with the past because old paradigms do not accommodate new data and particularly new theories, that is the normal process of science like so much else. For some time now, the coming profession of peace workers has been knocking softly at the door of the disciplines essentially serving the interests of the rulers of nation states, international law and international relations, announcing your time is up!
7 On the Intellectual Style of Peace Studies In a sense, the intellectual style is supposed to summarize all the above, trying to incor porate it into a coherent framework. ' What has been called the Saxonic style puts the emphasis on data; both the Teutonic and Gallic styles put the emphasis on theory and on paradigms; the Nipponic style on commentary, a pastime also engaged in by the others (additionally, Judaic, Islamic, Indic and Sinic intellectual styles are being explored). All engage in education, probably because that is the price to pay for university employment.