By Roy Prosterman, Robert Mitchell, Tim Hanstad
Lots of the world's anticipated 1.4 billion poorest individuals are nonetheless rural. but the bulk lack possession (or any safe rights) to the land that's their significant resource of livelihood. even though land legislations and similar reforms have remodeled the lives of thousands of households by means of delivering safe land rights, no longer all such efforts have succeeded. through the years, the normal knowledge referring to legislation and land tenure reform-what is required, what's attainable, and the way such reform contributes to pro-poor development-has replaced, occasionally in impressive methods. legal professionals on the Rural improvement Institute and the collage of Washington tuition of legislation in Seattle have spent greater than 4 many years advising on, aiding formulate and assessing the result of land tenure reform efforts worldwide. the current quantity distills key classes from that paintings and parallel paintings by way of others.
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Extra info for One Billion Rising: Law, Land and the Alleviation of Global Poverty
In varying forms and scale, land tenure reform was carried out during ancient times, including by the Greeks and Romans. A periodic land redistribution is contemplated in the Old Testament, but it is uncertain whether it was actually carried out. Much later, a major land tenure reform was implemented in France around the beginning of the French Revolution in 1798, after which the reasonably satisfied French peasantry largely sat out the (mostly urban) violence and upheaval. At about the same time, a democratic and non-violent land tenure reform began in Denmark.
Projects should be measured according to the cost of benefits per family in light of resources available and the number of families needing benefits. Ideally, projects should be affordable by host countries, without outside assistance. This is related to the “purse of gold” phenomenon, selection of low-hanging fruit, and the best being the enemy of the good. Look for ways to make interventions affordable. When pricing project costs, do not rely solely on competition to produce reasonable prices.
In sum, adequate tenure security exists when an individual or group with rights to land possesses key rights for a duration sufficiently long to recoup the value of investments made on the land, and with enough assurance to prevent outside interference. 49 Compared to weak or insecure rights, secure land rights can facilitate economic development in a variety of ways, including: 1. raising productivity through increased agricultural investment;50 2. increasing land transactions and facilitating transfer of land from less efficient to more efficient uses (and more efficient users) by increasing the certainty of contracts and lowering enforcement costs; 3.