Normal Personality Processes by Brendan A. Maher Winifred B. by Brendan A. Maher Winifred B. Maher

By Brendan A. Maher Winifred B. Maher

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Extra info for Normal Personality Processes by Brendan A. Maher Winifred B. Maher

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In this way, a complete stimulus persons-by attributes-by measurement occasions (22 x 4 x 3 ) matrix of S p a o values, similar to that shown in Table II, was generated. It was to the 12 values in this matrix assigned to each stimulus person (four attributes, three measurement occasions each) that the various measurement models were applied, resulting in the scores used to construct the normative, ipsative, normative-ipsative, and interactive profiles for each of the 22 stimulus persons. The specifics of the procedures used to construct those profiles can perhaps best be explained with reference to actual data.

If this is true, and given that the "idiothetic" approach to the scientific study of personality is also predicted on a rationale that is interactive rather than normative or ipsative in nature, it is not difficult to see how the adoption of that approach could prove useful over and above the methodological/metatheoretical issues discussed in this article and by Lamiell (1981). Beyond those considerations, the "idiothetic" framework might well provide the most viable means of reconciling the traditional concerns of IDIOTHETIC PSYCHOLOGY OF PERSONALITY 23 personality theory with the more "contemporary" (at least in the mainstream) objective of illuminating the interface of cognition and personality (Mischel, 1979).

For this reason, the values shown in Table I were assumed, in the present study, to reflect adequately each respon­ dent's conceptualization of the 18 activities. With the subjective Vpio and Riao components of Eq. (1) thus defined, simple matrix multiplication yielded estimates of the subjective S p a o values of Eq. (1). Specifically, the occasions-by-activities matrix of subjective Vpios defined for each respondent by his/her set of three activity report protocols (scored in the manner specified above) was postmultiplied by the activities-by-attributes matrix of subjective R[ao values shown in Table I, yielding the desired occasions-byattributes matrix of subjective Spao values for each respondent.

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