By Harald Muller, Carmen Wunderlich
Recent experiences on multilateral palms keep watch over are inclined to concentration totally on "structure," wherein possibilities and constraints for motion are created. This quantity can pay equivalent cognizance to "agency," in which possibilities and constraints to supply swap or hold the established order are dealt with. In addition-and in larger intensity than in contemporary studies-the quantity recognizes the strength of ethical and moral impulses (alongside such elements as political, criminal, and technological swap) within the evolution of palms keep an eye on norms.
The quantity starts with a glance on the constitution of regimes, on the conflicts dwelling in those buildings, and on the dynamic tactics within which those conflicts are labored out. The effect of extrinsic elements on norm dynamics is taken into account subsequent, together with technological swap and shifts in attitudes and gear buildings. Essays at the position of business enterprise in using norm swap finish the quantity, with a specific specialise in norm entrepreneurship and the significance of acknowledging the competing justice claims surrounding norm-change efforts.
Contributors: Una Becker-Jakob, Alexis under, Marco Fey, Giorgio Franceschini, Andrea Hellmann, Gregor Hofmann, Friederike Klinke, Daniel Müller, Harald Müller, Franziska Plümmer, Carsten Rauch, Judith Reuter, Elvira Rosert, Annette Schaper, Hans-Joachim Schmidt, Tabea Seidler-Diekmann, Simone Wisotzki, Carmen Wunderlich.
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Additional resources for Norm Dynamics in Multilateral Arms Control: Interests, Conflicts, and Justice
In Forecasting Nuclear Proliferation in the 21st Century, vol. 1, The Role of Theory, edited by William C. Potter and Gaukhar Mukhatzhanova, 124–58. Stanford: Stanford University Press. , ed. 2003. Global Justice. Oxford: Blackwell. Price, Richard. 1998. ” International Organization 52 (3): 613–44. Reus-Smit, Christian. 1997. ” International Organization 51 (4): 555–89. Rublee, Maria Rost. 2009. Nonproliferation Norms: Why States Choose Nuclear Restraint. Athens: University of Georgia Press. Sandholtz, Wayne, and Kendall W.
Norm conflicts may arise either regarding differing understandings of a norm’s meaning, its formal validity, or its application in a given social context (Wiener 2008, 37– 58) but also result from competing norms. Variations in compliance may then result from different interpretations of the implications emerging from them. The principle of norm contestation also lies at the core of Sandholtz’s (2007, 9–23; see also Sandholtz and Stiles 2009) cyclic model of norm change. According to this, disputes over the context-dependent application of norms are inevitably due to the indeterminacy and contradictions inherent in norms.
The fourth section assesses the impact of these conflicts on the changes that have been observed during the research period. The final section compares conclusions across the fields: What Where It All Began [ 15 ] impact do norm conflicts have on norm dynamics? Are they conducive to an evolutionary strengthening of the normative structure, or are they destructive? And what is the impact of justice concerns? Part 2 deals with the impact extrinsic factors have on norm dynamics. In chapter 4, Elvira Rosert, Una Becker-Jakob, Giorgio Franceschini, and Annette Schaper ask how technological change influences the evolution of norms in the respective regimes.