Mountain Geoecology and Sustainable Development of the by Du Zheng, Qingsong Zhang, Shaohong Wu

By Du Zheng, Qingsong Zhang, Shaohong Wu

Intense uplift of the Tibetan Plateau in past due Cenozoic period is likely one of the most crucial occasions in geological historical past of the Earth. The plateau bargains a fantastic sector for learning of lithospheric formation and evolution, probing into the mechanism of crustal move, and realizing of adjustments in environments and geo-ecosystems in Asia. excessive uplift ofthe plateau led to drastic adjustments of normal surroundings and obvious local differentiation at the plateau right and neighboring areas. The plateau hence turns into a delicate region of weather switch in Asian monsoon area, that's heavily on the topic of the worldwide swap. As a unique actual unit, its ecosystems occupy a admired place on the earth. because of its super excessive elevation and nice quantity, ordinary varieties and features of actual landscapes at the plateau are relatively varied from these in lowlands at related latitudes, and environments also are assorted from these in excessive­ latitudinal zones. therefore, the Tibetan Plateau has been categorized as certainly one of 3 colossal actual areas in China and regarded as a different unit on the earth. clinical surveys and expeditions to the Tibetan Plateau on huge scale all started from 1950's. among them, a few finished clinical expeditions to the Xizang (Tibet) independent area, Hengduan Mts. components, Karakorum and Kunlun Mts. areas, in addition to the Hoh Xii Mts. components, were successively conducted by means of the built-in clinical excursion to Tibetan Plateau, backed through chinese language Academy of Sciences when you consider that 1973.

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1992). , 1981; DENG W M, 1998). As mentioned in section I of this chapter, existence of grabens and fault basins coincides with tectonic evolution of the plateau, and does not only mean the beginning of collapse of the plateau. Furthermore, the present uplift situation also does not approve the conception of the collapse. , lower in north and higher in south, the highest being more than 10mm/yr. in the Himalayas (ZHANG Q Set. , 1991). This is supported by studies of FT works on igneous rocks both in Mt.

Lakes in Oligocene age were well developed in features of gypsum and salt deposits under arid and hot climatic conditions. In mid-Neocene age, development of ancient lakes basically was followed by, except some differences in lake's extents and salinity. However, saline and salt lakes appeared and enlarged in area in mid-Neocene in the Qaidam Basin. Gypsum and salt did not occur in southern part of the plateau in Oligocene age when lakestnainly concentrated in Gangdise Mountains and its northward area at Lumpola Basin.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Campo E. , 1993. P. Quaternary Research. 39: 300-313. Campo E. Von,Cour,P. and Huang Sixuan, 1996. Holocene environmental changes in Bangong Co Basin, West Tibet-pollen record. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology. Paleoecology, 120: 49-63. M. , 1990. Climatic changes of Tibetan Plateau in past 10 ka. Quaternary Science. (1): 66-71 (in Chinese with English summary). Coleman, M. and Hodges, K. 1993. Evidence for Tibetan Plateau uplift before 14 Myr ago from a new minimum age for east-west extension.

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