By Frane Adam
This ebook presents a severe re-evaluation of the Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS) because the major software utilized by the ecu fee and different policy-making our bodies to degree nationwide innovation means. on condition that modern societies and economies are to an excellent volume characterized through the procedures of construction, dissemination and alertness (re-combination) of data, the exact tracking and size of R&D potency and innovation functionality on nationwide, nearby and enterprise point are of outmost significance. The contextual reconstruction of the version of symptoms utilized by IUS unearths that the accuracy and validity of dimension aren't passable, and that colossal transformations of metrics are had to in achieving more desirable theoretical value and policy-relevance. during this paintings, the »epistemic flip« is emphasized and provided in its place, particularly within the experience of the shift from a mechanicist-positivist orientation towards a extra reflective and contextual post-positivist technique.
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Extra resources for Measuring National Innovation Performance: The Innovation Union Scoreboard Revisited
On the other hand, Luxembourg demonstrates a high degree of knowledge-intensive service exports while the share of its medium-high and high-tech products is low (66 % of the EU average). Revenues from licences and patents 36 5 Country Profiles and Patterns Regarding Innovation Performance from abroad are significant. Among the EU-27, only Sweden and the Netherlands have higher scores. Malta This small Mediterranean island nation belongs to the group of moderate innovators with a below-average performance.
Looking at the PCT patent applications, we may see that it is, together with Finland (both exceed the EU average by 239 %) the best in Europe. However, unlike the abovementioned Finland, it is also doing very well in PCT patent applications in societal challenges. However, similarly as for Finland, we may also see low values in the indicator of medium-high-tech and high-tech exports. Here it is above-average, but just slightly (106 % of the EU average). Looking at its knowledge-intensive services exports, it is however even below the EU average.
The authors of IUS 2011 say: “This indicator measures the flow of knowledge between public research institutions and firms and between firms and other firms” (p. 67). One answer would be that German SMEs have own their R&D departments, but even in this case cooperation could still be attractive and beneficial. Post script One year later, we encounter an entirely new situation in some aspects. The IUS 2013 namely reports that the level of collaboration among innovation-active SMEs as well between them and research institutes is much higher.