Liberalization and Regulation of the Telecommunications by Ekaterina Markova

By Ekaterina Markova

Telecommunications are more and more well-known as a key part within the infrastructure of financial improvement. for a few years, there have been state-owned monopolies within the telecommunications zone. In transition economies, they have been characterised by means of particularly terrible functionality and excessive entry deficits, as telecommunications have been thought of to be a non-profit-oriented construction method meant to help the socio-economic superstructures. consequently, the start line for the reform procedures in transition nations used to be particularly terrible played public monopolies, functioned less than different conditions because the friends available in the market economies.

The major query of this ebook is what the innovations for the winning destiny improvement of the telecommunications region in transition nations are. The precise concentration is on Russia, the biggest of the transition countries.

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Additional resources for Liberalization and Regulation of the Telecommunications Sector in Transition Countries: The Case of Russia

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ITU is a pre-eminent intergovernmental organization, where member states, sector members and associates work together to enable the growth and sustained development of telecommunications and information networks. ITU also works to facilitate universal access so that people everywhere can participate in, and benefit from, the global information economy and society – thus advancing the “right to communicat”. As an example serve ITU documents in the fields of telecommunications standardization. 2 Current Worldwide Trends 23 Bank (worldwide) and ERBD (in transition economies) help among many sectors in the telecommunications sector as well to define the right policy objectives and in some cases to finance these plans.

The tariff rates of all service providers were subject to European and German laws. Based on the TKG 2004, rates are primarily regulated for access services and facilities, where access and rates orders are issued together. The cost of efficient service provision must not be exceeded in such cases. The approval of the BNetzA is required to give prior (ex ante) approval to rates for access services that an SMP operator is mandated to provide. Ex post price controls are made, when the operator in question does not also have an SMP in the retail, but which control access to end users (such as alternative access providers).

If an SMP company intends to introduce or change the price for a retail service, at the same time it must submit a corresponding wholesale offer to its competitors which satisfies the requirements of anti-competitive pricing controls, to ensure that competitors are able to offer comparable services in the retail market without delay. Any cases of anti-competitive behavior by a company in levying and agreeing rates are investigated by BNetzA for all non-regulated rates. Access and Interconnection Rules According to the TKG 1996, specific obligations concerning access to networks and interconnections are imposed.

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