By Ekaterina Markova
Telecommunications are more and more well-known as a key part within the infrastructure of financial improvement. for a few years, there have been state-owned monopolies within the telecommunications zone. In transition economies, they have been characterised by means of particularly terrible functionality and excessive entry deficits, as telecommunications have been thought of to be a non-profit-oriented construction method meant to help the socio-economic superstructures. consequently, the start line for the reform procedures in transition nations used to be particularly terrible played public monopolies, functioned less than different conditions because the friends available in the market economies.
The major query of this ebook is what the innovations for the winning destiny improvement of the telecommunications region in transition nations are. The precise concentration is on Russia, the biggest of the transition countries.
Read or Download Liberalization and Regulation of the Telecommunications Sector in Transition Countries: The Case of Russia PDF
Similar urban & regional books
Advances in Spatial ScienceThis sequence of books is devoted to reporting on fresh advances in spatial technology. It comprises clinical stories concentrating on spatial phenomena, applying theoretical frameworks, analytical equipment, and empirical systems particularly designed for spatial research. The sequence brings jointly leading edge spatial learn making use of strategies, views, and strategies with a relevance to either uncomplicated technology and coverage making.
Complicated Cultural Districts explores the organisational layout concerns in the cultural history area, with specific specialize in the complicated kinds of cultural districts for neighborhood socio-economic improvement.
This contributed quantity applies spatial and space-time econometric how to spatial interplay modeling. the 1st a part of the ebook addresses basic state of the art methodological questions in spatial econometric interplay modeling, which trouble facets comparable to coefficient interpretation, limited estimation, and scale results.
Holds severe details that's wanted by means of an individual who desires to know how to become profitable from 'green' know-how and the way to prevent investments that may quickly be afflicted by hidden carbon liabilities. Readers will learn how to de-code an important portion of this new fiscal driving force - carbon credit, the world's first universal foreign money.
- Norms and Gender Discrimination in the Arab World
- The NEBI Yearbook 1999: North European and Baltic Sea Integration
- Rural Development Theory and Practice
- New Directions in Economic Geography (New Horizons in Regional Science)
- How China Became Capitalist
Additional resources for Liberalization and Regulation of the Telecommunications Sector in Transition Countries: The Case of Russia
ITU is a pre-eminent intergovernmental organization, where member states, sector members and associates work together to enable the growth and sustained development of telecommunications and information networks. ITU also works to facilitate universal access so that people everywhere can participate in, and benefit from, the global information economy and society – thus advancing the “right to communicat”. As an example serve ITU documents in the fields of telecommunications standardization. 2 Current Worldwide Trends 23 Bank (worldwide) and ERBD (in transition economies) help among many sectors in the telecommunications sector as well to define the right policy objectives and in some cases to finance these plans.
The tariff rates of all service providers were subject to European and German laws. Based on the TKG 2004, rates are primarily regulated for access services and facilities, where access and rates orders are issued together. The cost of efficient service provision must not be exceeded in such cases. The approval of the BNetzA is required to give prior (ex ante) approval to rates for access services that an SMP operator is mandated to provide. Ex post price controls are made, when the operator in question does not also have an SMP in the retail, but which control access to end users (such as alternative access providers).
If an SMP company intends to introduce or change the price for a retail service, at the same time it must submit a corresponding wholesale offer to its competitors which satisfies the requirements of anti-competitive pricing controls, to ensure that competitors are able to offer comparable services in the retail market without delay. Any cases of anti-competitive behavior by a company in levying and agreeing rates are investigated by BNetzA for all non-regulated rates. Access and Interconnection Rules According to the TKG 1996, specific obligations concerning access to networks and interconnections are imposed.