By Andrew Goudie
The landscapes of Namibia are of world-class caliber in attractiveness, range and curiosity. This ebook presents the 1st ever evaluate of crucial of those landscapes, explains why they give the impression of being as they do, and evaluates why they're of word. Writing from a geomorphological standpoint, the authors introduce the foremost approaches and controls which effect panorama and landform improvement in Namibia. Geological and tectonic historical past, weather now and long ago, plants and animals (including people) are all pointed out as an important components influencing the panorama of Namibia this present day. The booklet provides twenty one richly-illustrated case reviews of the main major landscapes of Namibia, starting from the enduring Etosha Pan on the middle of the most important flora and fauna conservation region within the north, to the recognized dunes and ephemeral river at Sossus Vlei within the middle of the Namib desolate tract. every one case examine additionally features a complete checklist of the main references to the medical paintings on that panorama. The authors supply an review of the present country of conservation of those landscapes, and their value to tourism. The e-book is suggested examining for someone with a qualified or beginner curiosity within the awesome and fascinating landscapes of this a part of southern Africa. It offers an invaluable instruction manual for these traveling round Namibia, and a useful reference advisor for these drawn to how landscapes strengthen and alter.
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Additional info for Landscapes and Landforms of Namibia
Fascination of geology. Klaus Hess, Windhoek Holzförster F, Stollhofen H, Stanistreet IG (1999) Lithostratigraphy and depositional environments in the Waterberg-Erongo area, central Namibia, and correlation with the main Karoo Basin, South Africa. J Afr Earth Sci 29:105–123 King LC (1963) South African scenery. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, London Lord J, Oliver GJH, Soulsby JA (1996) Landsat MSS Imagery of a Lower Cretaceous regional dyke swarm, Damaraland, Namibia: a precursor to the splitting of western Gondwana.
A useful distinction can be drawn between the geology of the eastern part of the country and that of the west (Fig. 1). The eastern part, comprising the Kalahari basin (see Chap. 1), is geologically young and simple being covered by relatively recent materials, including aeolian sands, alluvium, and calcareous crusts (calcretes). The western part consists of a great variety of rock types exposed in a rugged landscape of valleys, escarpments, mountains and plains and is much more geologically complex and ancient.
In the coastal strip temperatures are generally modest, and there is a limited seasonal and diurnal range. At the coast temperatures are also strongly oceanic in character, so that they are generally relatively moderate, normally neither being very hot nor very cold. There are low seasonal and daily ranges (c 5 and 8 °C respectively) (Lancaster et al. 1984). 1 and demonstrate the wider seasonal range of temperatures inland (10–12 °C). Rainfall is sparse in the Namib (Fig. 1) and averages c 15 mm per year at Walvis Bay, c 27 mm per year at Gobabeb, and c 90 mm at Ganab (which is c 112 km inland).