By Min Gyo Koo
This booklet explores the 3 such a lot widespread island disputes in East Asia: the Dokdo/Takeshima, the Senkaku/Diaoyu, and the Paracel and Spratly disputes. those island disputes truly illustrate the confusing development of continuity and mutual restraint in East Asia’s territorial conflicts. In facing sovereignty concerns, East Asian international locations have engaged in diverse styles of diplomatic and army behaviors. on occasion, you will see that examples of the competitive use of army strength and intransigent bargaining innovations, whereas in others army inactivity and accommodative international relations are both glaring. whilst and why do disputants pursue conflictual rules? Conversely, why do they at different occasions search the containment, if now not the solution, of territorial disputes by means of shelving thorny sovereignty issues?
This ebook makes use of a territorial bargaining online game framework to investigate quite a few levels of dispute initiation, escalation, and de-escalation in a constant and systematic demeanour. It starts off from an assumption that territory consists of combined purpose video games, that are characterised as having components of partnership, festival, and clash. in step with traditional knowledge, this booklet unearths that the combo of source festival, fluid geopolitics, and volatile household energy dynamics has frequently led to the initiation and escalation of the 3 island disputes. extra importantly, this ebook discovers that the pacific effect of monetary interdependence has many times avoided the sovereignty disputes from escalating right into a full-scale diplomatic and/or army crisis
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Additional resources for Island Disputes and Maritime Regime Building in East Asia: Between a Rock and a Hard Place
Sensitivity is the extent to which one country is affected by the actions of another, whereas vulnerability is the extent to which a country can insulate itself from the costly effects of events that occur elsewhere. For Keohane and Nye, interdependence therefore means “mutual dependence,” a condition in which states are both highly sensitive and vulnerable to each other. 10 Early arguments that connected economic interdependence with less conflict were based on the hope that international trade would somehow quell the passion for territorial conquest that seemed so prevalent in the seventieth and eightieth centuries.
Although not all draw worst-case scenarios about the rise of China, uncertainty about the ways in which a more capable China would exercise its power has alerted many in the region to scramble to balance against the possible dangers (Shambaugh 1995; Mochizuki 1998; Goldstein 2003, 2005; Friedberg 2005). S. and the Soviet Union both had geopolitical interests of their own, but not territorial ambitions. 3 Domestic Power Politics Changes in the provision of goods provided by contested territory may touch off resource nationalism and irredentism, both of which point to nationalism as a principal source of territorial disputes.
The second and more important feature of the post-Cold War East Asian security order is the rise of China. In East Asia, China’s economic and military growth is more likely to give rise to bipolarity within the region in the near future. Although not all draw worst-case scenarios about the rise of China, uncertainty about the ways in which a more capable China would exercise its power has alerted many in the region to scramble to balance against the possible dangers (Shambaugh 1995; Mochizuki 1998; Goldstein 2003, 2005; Friedberg 2005).