Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology by Ayn Rand

By Ayn Rand

This day man's brain is less than assault by way of all of the prime colleges of philosophy. we're advised that we won't belief our senses, that good judgment is unfair, that recommendations don't have any foundation in fact. Ayn Rand opposes that torrent of nihilism, and she or he presents the choice during this eloquent presentation of the fundamental nature--and power--of man's conceptual college. She bargains a startlingly unique strategy to the matter that caused the cave in of recent philosophy: the matter of universals. This brilliantly argued, beautifully written paintings, including an essay by means of philosophy professor Leonard Peikoff, is key examining for all those that search to find that people can and may stay via the suggestions of cause.

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With the publication of The Fountainhead in 1943, she achieved a spectacular and enduring success. Miss Rand’s unique philosophy, Objectivism, has gained a worldwide audience. The fundamentals of her philosophy are set forth in such nonfiction books as: For The New Intellectual, The Virtue of Selfishness, Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal, and The Romantic Manifesto. Ayn Rand died in 1982. DR. LEONARD PEIKOFF worked closely with Ayn Rand for many years and was designated by her as heir to her estate.

When we speak of “direct perception” or “direct awareness,” we mean the perceptual level. Percepts, not sensations, are the given, the self-evident. The knowledge of sensations as components of percepts is not direct, it is acquired by man much later: it is a scientific, conceptual discovery. The building-block of man’s knowledge is the concept of an “existent”—of something that exists, be it a thing, an attribute or an action. Since it is a concept, man cannot grasp it explicitly until he has reached the conceptual stage.

These two attributes are the fundamental Conceptual Common Denominator of all concepts pertaining to consciousness. On the perceptual level of awareness, a child merely experiences and performs various psychological processes; his full conceptual development requires that he learn to conceptualize them (after he has reached a certain stage in his extrospective conceptual development). To form concepts of consciousness, one must isolate the action from the content of a given state of consciousness, by a process of abstraction.

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