Industrial Collaboration in Nazi-Occupied Europe: Norway in by Hans Otto Frøland, Mats Ingulstad, Jonas Scherner

By Hans Otto Frøland, Mats Ingulstad, Jonas Scherner

This e-book brings jointly top specialists to evaluate how and no matter if the Nazis have been profitable in fostering collaboration to safe the assets they required in the course of international conflict II. those stories of the profession regimes in Norway and Western Europe demonstrate that the Nazis constructed hugely subtle tools of exploitation past oppression and looting. The authors spotlight that during comparability to the heavy production industries of Western Europe, Norway may supply many uncooked fabrics that the German warfare computing device desperately wanted, akin to aluminium, nickel, molybdenum and fish. those chapters show that the Nazis supplied incentives to foster financial collaboration, hoping that those might make each mine, manufacturing unit and smelter produce at its maximum point of capability. All readers will know about the original a part of Norwegian fiscal collaboration in this interval and notice the wealthy context of financial collaboration throughout Europe in the course of global battle II.

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How 72 Jonas Scherner, “Anreiz statt Zwang”. Wirtschaftsordnung und Kriegswirtschaft im “Dritten Reich”, in Unternehmen im Nationalsozialismus. ) (Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag, 2010), 140–155, here 153–4. 73 Klemann and Kudryashov, Occupied Economies. O. Frøland et al. was the relationship between state and companies in occupied countries? Was the economic policy carried out by the Nazis rather consistent, as recent research suggests for the case of the German war economy, or can we observe a break around the end of 1941 and early 1942, as the proponents of the Blitzkrieg and the inefficiency hypotheses claim?

The German occupation and its consequences on the composition and changes of Norwegian business elites” Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte 2010, 107–130. 31 Hans Otto Frøland and Anders Lervold, “Forced Labour in Norway during the German Occupation: French and Soviet Workers in the Light Metals Programme” Revue d’’histoire Nordique vol. 17. (2014), 71–100; Hans Otto Frøland and Jan. Thomas Kobberrød, “The Norwegian Contribution to Göring’s Megalomania. Norway’s Aluminium Industry during World War II” Cahiers d’histoire de l’aluminium; vol.

O. Frøland et al. 70 One strand of the literature states that the Third Reich, at least since 1937/38, can be characterized as a form of command economy. Even though only a few examples could be identified in which direct force played a role, the proponents of this approach believe that companies were intimidated by these existing cases of compulsion and by threats from leading representatives of the Nazi regime, such that firms acted out of some sort of anticipatory obedience. In addition, an increasingly restrictive macroeconomic framework due to rationing and other forms of regulation, which would have become “almost airtight” during the war, would have led to an “indirect socialization”—companies had no leeway to act in away other than that preferred by the state.

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