Humanitarian Crises, Intervention and Security: A Framework

This publication offers a brand new framework of research to evaluate ordinary and man-made mess ups and humanitarian crises, and the feasibility of interventions in those complicated emergencies.

The earlier half-century has witnessed a dramatic raise in such crises—such as in Haiti, Iraq and Sudan—and this quantity goals to pioneer a theory-based, interdisciplinary framework that could support scholars and practitioners within the box to procure the talents and services helpful for evidence-based decision-making and programming in humanitarian motion. It has 4 significant objectives:

  • to supply a device for diagnosing and figuring out advanced emergencies, and construct at the strategies of nation defense and human protection to supply a ‘Snap-Shot Analysis’ of the prestige quo;
  • to supply a device for analysing the reasons of crises in addition to the similar stakeholder field;
  • to supply a body to constitution and examine the knowledge required to guage, video display and/or layout interventions for various actors on a venture and/or programme level;
  • to mix strategies utilized in the humanitarian box with underlying thought in a virtually appropriate way.

The publication should be of a lot curiosity to scholars of humanitarian intervention, human safeguard, peacebuilding, improvement experiences, peace reports and IR often.

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Additional info for Humanitarian Crises, Intervention and Security: A Framework for Evidence-Based Programming

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G. g. starvation of a population as a consequence of deliberately destroying crops by warring factions) and a combination of both (flooding as a result of irresponsible use of environmental resources). In conclusion, the debate on security has been broadened, next to the classic element of territorial integrity, to include the physical and mental well-being of populations, a process strongly influenced by transnational and even universal developments. In the words of the UN-Commission on Global Governance, urging for a new and universal concept of security given the changed universal environment, ‘lasting security will not be achieved until it can be shared by all, and that it can only be achieved through co-operation, based on the principles of Context analysis and securitization 33 equity, justice and reciprocity’ (Commission on Global Governance 1995: 46).

We also see the work by Hilhorst et al. as part of this approach, since it views humanitarian space as an arena in which various actors negotiate the outcomes of aid (Hilhorst and Serrano 2010, Hilhorst and Jansen 2010). The outcomes are the result of how actors involved (donors, recipients, governments) interpret the context, needs, their own role and each other. Actors are seen as driven by different motives, political and organizational ones included (Hilhorst and Jansen 2010). This so-called ‘actor-oriented approach’ differs slightly from a pure political economy approach, since it asks attention not only for power issues and relationships in humanitarian crisis, but also to how actors define and interpret a humanitarian crisis context.

Finally, a third element adds to the complexity of the present day security debate, due to the recognition that the human component of security is growing ever more important, also the number of non-state actors in the field of security has augmented considerably. The speed of the above-mentioned developments in the world in general, and in the security debate in particular, have, by and large, been influenced by five major political events in the 1990s and one in the twenty-first century. First of all, the end of the Cold War lessened the willingness of the United States and the Soviet Union/Russia to meddle in the conflicts amongst their former clientele.

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