Human and Energy Factors in Urban Planning: A Systems by P. Laconte, J. Gibson, A. Rapoport (auth.), P. Laconte, J.

By P. Laconte, J. Gibson, A. Rapoport (auth.), P. Laconte, J. Gibson, A. Rapoport (eds.)

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Read Online or Download Human and Energy Factors in Urban Planning: A Systems Approach: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on “Factors Influencing Urban Design” Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, July 2–13, 1979 PDF

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Additional resources for Human and Energy Factors in Urban Planning: A Systems Approach: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on “Factors Influencing Urban Design” Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, July 2–13, 1979

Example text

Once all this is done, OR starts; you start to optimize, using linear programming, etc. This means that information gathering has to be carried out before OR can start. ) the difficult question? Once you have answered this question, most df the problems have been solved, and what is left over is a search process for a well-defined optimum. But OR starts once the wickedness is out of the problem, once you have said what a good admissible, feasible solution is. You can say "Constraints are naturally given".

To show the complementarity between the intuitive and the systematic, a short look is needed at the structure of judgement. There are various kinds of jUdgements. If somebody asks you how you like the soup, it does not take you a moment to say whether it is good or bad. These are what we might call "off-hand" or "intui tive" jUdgements. On the other hand, you might say : "Wait a minute, I must first think about it", and look for the pros and cons before you make up your mind and say whether A is better than B.

Therefore, never be too sure that you should tackle 43 the problem as stated. If somebod,y says "we have troll""'" in our invento~', we can always, for instance, understand this as a symptom of the general personnel policy or of the organization of the_purchasing department. We should not conclude too early that we need to reorganize our inventory, for maybe we should rather tackle the more comprehensive system. Every problem can be considered a symptom of another. 8. As I said before, the solution to a chess problem can be tested.

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