By Rupert Hodder
This publication questions the assumption that patronage explains negative governance and vulnerable corporations. Its concentration is on high-level political appointees within the Philippines, yet its implications for improvement tactics and coverage are far-reaching. Patronage stimulates the emergence of democracy and welfare, and constitutes formal agencies. So in detail attached is it with the health and wellbeing of democracy and powerful enterprises that makes an attempt to get rid of patronage purely damage social, organizational and democratic lifestyles. In built societies this has intended a becoming Puritanism interspersed with bouts of corruption and ethical panic; and, as they search to take care of potent organisations and colourful democracies, a mounting wish to undertaking their very own anxieties and imperfections onto constructing countries.
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Extra resources for High-level Political Appointments in the Philippines: Patronage, Emotion and Democracy
Atty, Chief of Staff, Senator M. Villar, Manila, August 17, 2010. Interview with the author. , Senator, Manila, November 30, 2010. Interview with the author. cit. ’17 The secretary is expected to smooth over disputes and keep the commission on an even keel. ’19 Appointees seeking confirmation are required to provide the commission with a file containing their curriculum vitae and employment history, and a series of medical and other clearances (from, say, the NBI or BIR), together with statements of their income, assets and liabilities.
Cit. ’17 The secretary is expected to smooth over disputes and keep the commission on an even keel. ’19 Appointees seeking confirmation are required to provide the commission with a file containing their curriculum vitae and employment history, and a series of medical and other clearances (from, say, the NBI or BIR), together with statements of their income, assets and liabilities. They must also declare whether or not they have any cases pending with the ombudsman. An opportunity to challenge directly an appointee’s confirmation is open to any citizen.
Interview with author. Source requests anonymity. 20 3 Patronage and Appointments in the Philippines secretary, but at times its leadership can lie elsewhere. The number of people who sit on the committee is ‘a moving target. ’11 Nor does the president have to accept the committee’s preferred candidates who the president may simply ignore. 12 It is, then, quite possible (and quite common) for the president to have in mind a candidate – or for the executive secretary (or a cabinet secretary or another head of agency or a legislator or a mayor) to cut deals with the president over an appointment – about which the search committee and secretariat know nothing.