By Sandro Galea, David Vlahov (Editors)
As extra humans all over the world stay in towns, more and more we have to know the way towns and town dwelling impact inhabitants overall healthiness. Does urban dwelling negatively impact overall healthiness? Conversely, can urban dwelling improve inhabitants wellbeing and fitness and wellbeing and fitness? Over 40 specialists from all over the world deliver a intensity of principles to the guide of city overall healthiness, making the instruction manual a centred source for a number of well-being disciplines. The instruction manual offers: (1) A dialogue of the well-being of particular city populations, between them immigrants, youngsters, the aged, racial and sexual minorities, the homeless, and the negative. (2) tools correct to the examine of city health and wellbeing together with epidemiology, learn equipment, investment and coverage matters, city making plans. (3) useful concerns for constructing fit towns together with interventions, preventive options, supplying well-being companies, and educating city wellbeing and fitness. (4) overseas views from constructing international locations and the realm wellbeing and fitness association. (5) Integrative chapters that finish all the book’s sections, bringing jointly theoretical versions with the large photo. a different specialist notion ebook, learn source, and instructing textual content, the instruction manual of city health and wellbeing demanding situations readers to think about the function that towns play in shaping inhabitants wellbeing and fitness and to generate ideas which can make towns more fit areas for all those that dwell there.
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Additional resources for Handbook of Urban Health: Populations, Methods, and Practice, 1st edition 2005
7% in males. , 2001). , 2002). 3. Chronic Diseases Common chronic diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), seizures, and musculoskeletal disorders, are often undiagnosed or inadequately treated in homeless adults. Relatively little research has focused on these medical conditions in the homeless population. The prevalence of hypertension was higher among homeless clinic patients than among nonhomeless patients at an inner-city primary care clinic (65% vs.
S. , 2000). , 2003). Among street youth, latent tuberculosis is more common than in the general population, but probably 22 Stephen W. Hwang and James R. Dunn less prevalent than among homeless adults. , 2000). Homeless people are at increased risk of HIV infection. S. , 1994). , 2004). , 2002). , 2002). , 2003). Among substance users, homelessness is associated with higher rates of HIV seroprevalence (Surratt and Inciardi, 2004; Smereck and Hockman, 1998). , 2000). Homeless people are at increased risk of viral hepatitis, primarily due to high rates of injection drug use.
Some consider the visible presence of homeless people in parks, street corners, and other public spaces to be a manifestation of “urban disorder” and a barrier to the successful promotion of commerce and tourism. In response to these concerns, a number of cities have enacted by-laws against panhandling, loitering or sleeping in public places, public intoxication, or possession of shopping carts. Some cities have instituted aggressive policing strategies to remove homeless people from public spaces (Graser, 2000).