By Judith Petts
Environmental influence evaluation (EIA) is an important, anticipatory, environmental administration software. overseas debate makes a speciality of its enhancement to satisfy the demanding situations of sustainable improvement in addition to calls for for scientifically powerful built-in and participative decision-making. This guide hopes to enhance practices by means of contributing a world, multidisciplinary, ready-reference resource to this debate.
Volume I addresses EIA rules, procedure and techniques. half 1 maps the EIA procedure and its effect on selection. It positions EIA within the context of sustainable improvement and relative to different choice instruments, together with financial valuation. It additionally positions strategic environmental overview (SEA) in a similar fashion. half 2 addresses the weather of the EIA procedure and important influence evaluation subject matters (air, water, ecological, social, hazard, panorama and visible) not just when it comes to stable perform but additionally methodological evolution. This quantity concludes via addressing cumulative influence review and SEA methods.
Volume II offers a distinct attention for EIA implementation and perform in Europe, Africa, the a ways East, South the United States and North the US. It makes use of a couple of venture forms to supply 'how to do' counsel and addresses perform in coverage and plan assessment.
This e-book could be learn via legislators, decision-makers, economists, builders, commercial managers and experts concerned about this important field.
Read or Download Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment, Vol. 2: Environmental Impact Assessment in Pracice: Impact and Limitations PDF
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Extra resources for Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment, Vol. 2: Environmental Impact Assessment in Pracice: Impact and Limitations
7 Western Australia There is no doubt that the much-refined secondgeneration Western Australian system codified in the Environmental Protection Act 1986 contains the vast majority of the characteristics of an effective EIA system. It is the only EIA system of the eight to meet all the review criteria. The difficulty of defining unambiguous and absolute criteria of EIA effectiveness is illustrated by the fact that the Western Australia EIA system still has several weaknesses. The principal weaknesses relate to lack of formal treatment of alternatives and lack of formal provision for a written proposal application.
The highly sophisticated Resource Management Act of 1991 is one of the first attempts in the world to integrate EIA into environmental policy in order to achieve sustainable management (Bartlett 1997). It is, perhaps, all the more surprising that New Zealand should have relied quite so completely on local discretion in its Mark II EIA system. Whilst the temptation to devolve responsibilities has proved irresistible to a reformist central government (Memon 1993), the implementation gap is potentially enormous.
A number of factors appeared to be important in determining the quality of EIA reports, often acting in combination: • Legislation (recent Member State legislation had led to improvements). • Nature of consultants (‘good’ consultants produced better EIA reports). • Experience of participants (greater experience resulted in better quality EIA reports). • Scoping (public and agency consultation led to better EIA reports). 28 Chapter 2 100 Overall ‘early’ Overall ‘late’ ‘Satisfactory’ EIA reports (%) 80 60 40 20 • Length of EIA reports (short EIA reports were often of poor quality).