Global Surveillance, Prevention And Control Of Chronic by Jean Bousquet, Nikolai Khaltaev, Alvaro A. Cruz, World

By Jean Bousquet, Nikolai Khaltaev, Alvaro A. Cruz, World Health Organization

Continual breathing ailments, similar to bronchial asthma and persistent obstructive pulmonary illness, kill greater than four million humans each year, and have an effect on enormous quantities of thousands extra. those ailments erode the well-being and future health of the sufferers and feature a damaging influence on households and societies. This record increases information of the massive impression of power breathing ailments around the globe, and highlights the danger components in addition to how one can hinder and deal with those ailments.

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Causes and Consequences of Chronic Respiratory Diseases KEY MESSAGES  Many risk factors for chronic respiratory diseases have been identified and can be prevented.  Major risk factors include: tobacco smoke second hand tobacco smoke other indoor air pollutants outdoor air pollutants allergens occupational agents.  Possible risk factors include: diet and nutrition post infectious chronic respiratory diseases. Many risk factors of chronic respiratory diseases among those of chronic diseases have been identified (Table 14).

It is estimated that up to 20% of patients with schistosomiasis (Figure 15) may suffer from pulmonary hypertension. Many aspects of morbidity attributable to schistosomiasis are expected to change after schistosomiasis is controlled (266). Some aspects are expected to change quickly (worm burden, Salmonella bacteraemia, hepatosplenic schistosomiasis in children), whereas others will persist for years (pulmonary hypertension, glomerulonephritis, neuroschistosomiasis). Pulmonary hypertension is a major cause of disability and mortality in patients with sickle cell disease and thalassaemia, causing a substantial burden in Africa and in people of African origin worldwide, as well as in people from Mediterranean countries (268).

For poor people, money spent on tobacco is money not spent on basic necessities, such as food, shelter, education and health care. Tobacco users are at much higher risk of falling ill and dying prematurely of tobacco-related diseases, thus depriving families of much-needed income and imposing additional health-care costs. Those who grow tobacco suffer as well. Many tobacco farmers, rather than becoming rich from their crop, often find themselves in debt to tobacco companies (283). Second-hand tobacco smoke Second-hand tobacco smoke is the combination of smoke emitted from the burning end of a cigarette or other tobacco products and smoke exhaled by the smoker.

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