Genetic control of self-incompatibility and reproductive by Ed Newbigin, Marilyn A. Anderson, Adrienne E. Clarke

By Ed Newbigin, Marilyn A. Anderson, Adrienne E. Clarke (auth.), Elizabeth G. Williams, Adrienne E. Clarke, R. Bruce Knox (eds.)

Plant reproductive biology has gone through a revolution prior to now 5 years, with the cloning, sequencing and localization of the genes vital in replica. those merits in plant molecular biology have ended in interesting functions in plant biotechnology, together with the genetic engineering of male sterility and different reproductive tactics. This publication provides a fascinating and modern account of those new advancements from the scientists in whose laboratories they've been made. The chapters specialize in components: the molecular biology of self-incompatibility, that is the approach of self-recognition managed via the S-gene and comparable genes; and the mobile and molecular biology of pollen improvement and genetic dissection of male sterility. a few chapters characteristic Arabidopsis, with its specific genetic method. replica is key for seed construction in crop crops, and this publication provides new ways to control plant breeding platforms for the twenty first century.

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Genetic analyses of lines showing breakdown in self-incompatibility suggests that genes unlinked to the S-locus can affect self-incompatibility. Flaschenreim and Ascher (1979a,b), and Dana and Ascher (1986a,b), analyzed the behavior of P. hybrida lines that showed inactivation of S-alleles unilaterally either in the style or in pollen. Linkage analysis indicated that the stylar inactivating factor was loosely linked to S, but affected expression only of the allele to which it was linked (Ascher 1984; Dana and Ascher 1986b).

Herrero, M. G. (1981) Pollen tube development in Petunia hybrida following compatible and incompatible intraspecific matings. J. Cell Sci. 47: 365-383. , Sanda, A. et al. (1988) Primary structure of a base non-specific ribonuclease from Rhizopus niveus. J. Biochem. 103: 408-414. G. T. (1988) Leafdisc transformation. B. A. ), Plant Molecular Biology Manual, A5, pp. 1-9. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. , Arai, M. and Funatsu, G. (1991) The complete amino acid sequence of ribonuclease from the seeds of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia).

2). Including Nicotiana and Solanum alleles in the analysis reduces the apparent variability of region V4, whereas the relative variability of region V3 (HVb) is accentuated (Sims, unpub. ). One interesting aspect of Petunia S-allele gene structure is that the single intron found in these genes interruptsregion V2 (Clark 1991; Ioergeret al. 1991; Okuley 1991). The remarkable pattern of sequence conservationlvariability among the different S-alleles suggests potential functional roles for the different protein domains.

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