By Ezra J. Warner
Biographical sketches of the 583 males who attained the rank of normal within the Union military.
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Extra info for Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders
On January 16, 1898, and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. William Woods Averell was born on November 5, 1832, in the village of Cameron, New York. In his youth he worked as a drug clerk in the nearby county seat of Bath. He was appointed to West Point in 1851 and was graduated in four years, ranking in the lower third of his class. Averell's antebellum army career included garrison duty at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri; a tour at the Cavalry School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania; and two years of rugged service against the southwestern Indians, during which he was severely wounded and invalided from 1859 until the outbreak of the Civil War.
Chief quartermaster of the Pacific Division of the army in the 1850's, he was brevetted major for gallant and meritorious conduct at Cerro Gordo and achieved the rank of major in 1861. In the course of his distinguished Civil War career— during which he was successively promoted to colonel, to brigadier general of volunteers, and to brevet major general in both the volunteers and the regular establishment —he actec] as chief quartermaster of the turbulent Department of Missouri, and his authority soon extended to the entire Mississippi 4 Valley.
He was brevetted major general the same year. He died in Nice, France, on October 26, 1871, but his remains were returned to the United States for burial at West Point. Christopher Columbus Andrews was born at Hillsboro, New Hampshire, on October 27, 1829. A precocious young man, he was admitted to the Massachusetts bar at the age of twenty-one after three terms at Francestown Academy in New Hampshire and a stint at Harvard Law School. He began practice in Newton, Massachusetts, but in 1854 went to Kansas.