By Marlis Hellinger (ed.), Hadumod Bußmann (ed.)
This can be the second one of a three-volume complete reference paintings on “Gender throughout Languages”, which gives systematic descriptions of varied different types of gender (grammatical, lexical, referential, social) in 30 languages of various genetic, typological and socio-cultural backgrounds. one of the matters mentioned for every language are the subsequent: What are the structural houses of the language that experience an effect at the family members among language and gender? What are the results for components equivalent to contract, pronominalisation and word-formation? How is specification of and abstraction from (referential) gender completed in a language? Is empirical proof on hand for the belief that masculine/male expressions are interpreted as generics? Can traits of edition and alter be saw, and feature choices been proposed for a extra equivalent linguistic remedy of ladies and males? This quantity (and the former volumes) will give you the much-needed foundation for explicitly comparative analyses of gender throughout languages. All chapters are unique contributions and persist with a typical normal define built by means of the editors. The publication comprises wealthy bibliographical and indexical material.
Languages of quantity 2: chinese language, Dutch, Finnish, Hindi, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Spanish, Vietnamese, Welsh.
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Extra resources for Gender Across Languages: The Linguistic Representation of Women and Men
Again, there exists a signiﬁcant number of this type of compound graphs containing nu¹ as part of the phonetic component and connoting negativity. And although the nu¹ graph combines variously with other graphs to form diﬀerent phonetic elements, the majority of these phonetic elements are not homonyms of /nü/ and, therefore, are only visibly recognizable as implicitly related to female/woman. There are also numerous related compound words of the same type. Chinese A short list of example words containing the nu¹ signiﬁc element that I identiﬁed in the survey as “derogatory” or “with negative connotations” are listed below.
Barbara Unterbeck et al. Berlin: de Gruyter, 561–576. Daniels, Karlheinz. 1985. ” Sprache und Literatur 56: 18–35. Dixon, Robert M. W. 1972. The Dyirbal language of North Queensland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. W. 1982. Where have all the adjectives gone? And other essays in semantics and syntax. Berlin: Mouton. Ehrlich, Susan & Ruth King. 1994. ” Language in Society 23: 59–76. Fodor, Istvan. 1959. ” Lingua 8: 1–41, 186–214. Francis, Nelson & Henry Kucˇera. 1967. Computational analysis of present-day American English.
As an instrument of language planning they reinforce tendencies of linguistic change by means of explicit directions (cf. Frank 1989: 197; Pauwels 1998, 1999; Hellinger 1995). Gender-related language reform is a reaction to changes in the relationships between women and men, which have caused overt conﬂicts on the level of Gender across languages language comprehension and production. Reformed usage symbolizes the dissonance between traditional prescriptions such as the use of masculine/male generics and innovative alternatives.