From War to Democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding by Professor Anna K. Jarstad, Professor Timothy D. Sisk

By Professor Anna K. Jarstad, Professor Timothy D. Sisk

Makes an attempt to introduce democracy within the wake of civil warfare face a serious challenge: how can war-torn societies circulate in the direction of peace and democracy while aggressive politics and hard-fought elections exacerbate social and political clash? via a research of six issues (peacekeeping, administration of violence, strength sharing, political occasion transformation, elections, civil society and foreign reactions to democratization crises) this 2008 quantity considers the dilemmas that come up in pursuing peace after civil conflict via procedures of democratization. The individuals' learn highlights the advanced courting among democratization, that is aggressive, and peacebuilding or efforts to accomplish reconciliation. The booklet deals insights into more desirable motion in peacebuilding in gentle of the momentary unwanted effects that democratization can introduce. it's a thought-provoking paintings that seeks either to boost thought and to supply policy-relevant findings to facilitate greater and sturdy transitions from conflict to democracy.

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Research commonly assumed that democratic transitions developed gradually, from political liberalization toward a consolidated democracy. Although some violence occurred in earlier democratization waves, it was not seen as a serious threat to peace. On the contrary, 8 This has been noted also by, for example, Juan Linz and Alfred Stepan (1992) and Mansfield and Snyder (2005). , Dahl 1971; Diamond 1997a; Diamond et al. 1997; Huntington 1991; Linz and Stepan 1996; O’Donnell, Schmitter, and Whitehead 1986).

For example, the power-sharing agreement for Sudan 2004 did not include the rebels in Darfur and fighting continues. Not even the May 2006 agreement included all rebels and these groups demand concessions before laying down their arms. Moreover, inclusion may not end violence: some groups pursue a dual strategy of violence and politics. For democracy to take root, actors mobilized for war have to abandon military methods for negotiations and compromises. These leaders also have to convince their followers that they should demobilize and be prepared for concessions.

2 The conditions typical for war-torn societies, as well as the dynamics of and interplay between the two processes of peacebuilding and democratization, contribute to this contradiction. While non-violent conflicts are healthy features of any democracy, violent conflicts undermine the foundations for a functioning democracy. Electoral violence, political assassinations, violent riots, and extreme levels of crime are threats to the new political order and to basic civilian security. Failure to deal with violence can lead to escalation of violence and a vicious circle of retribution and violations of human rights.

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