By Kari Suomi, Juhani Toivanen & Riikka Ylitalo
This ebook makes an attempt at an outline of the sound constitution of ordinary Spoken
Finnish, meant for a global viewers conversant in the fundamental strategies of
phonetics, phonology and linguistics. No past wisdom of Finnish, a Finno-
Ugric (and eventually Uralic) language, is presupposed. The ebook describes the
phonemes and their allophones, the phonotactics and the prosodic method of the
language, and it really is in line with the corresponding elements of our textbook in Finnish
(Suomi, Toivanen & Ylitalo 2006), albeit up to date and tailored in lots of methods to
the meant readership. To our wisdom, no both finished description
of Finnish sound constitution is presently on hand. the outline of the prosodic
system is to a substantial quantity according to our personal contemporary learn.
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Additional info for FINNISH SOUND STRUCTURE ( Phonetics, phonology, phonotactics and prosody)
In spite of this, the old words following this pattern show no signs of change. There are three common, fully native words that are exceptions to vowel harmony. e. g. meressä ‘in sea’ and veressä ‘in blood’. The third exception is tällainen ‘like this’ that contains both front and back harmonic vowels. The explanation is historical: tällainen is a merger of the words tämän ‘of this’ and lainen ‘like’. g. dynamiitti, marttyyri, hypoteesi, symboli, Hyla. g. tyyny ‘pillow’ < Sw. dyna, myssy ‘cap’ < Sw.
But today the situation is very much different. g. demokraatti, desimaali, devalvaatio, diktaattori. The words are pronounced with an initial /t5/ by some older speakers of some varieties, but it is very difficult to believe that there would be speakers, without speech disorders, in their twenties who do not have /d/ in this position when they speak SSF. g. fonetiikka, baari, geeni, šokki. These words too are not pronounceable with these consonants by all speakers. Word-initial CC sequences can be divided into three structural groups.
If a word’s first vowel is a harmonically neutral vowel, then too only five different vowels can occur later in the word, again excluding recent loanwords. In this situation the listener just cannot yet know, when hearing the first vowel, whether the harmonic vowels possibly occurring later in the word are front harmonic or back harmonic. If a word’s first vowel is /i/ or /e/, then /i/ and /e/ can occur later in the word, as can vowels either from the class /y O Q/ or from the class /u o A/, but not from both of the latter classes.