By Alina Kaczorowska
An in-depth and unique exam of, and observation at the key components of institutional and of substantial european legislations lined on€most EU€law syllabi, €this new textbook€successfully combines authoritative textual content with the entire most up-to-date case summaries and judgments.
content material: publication disguise; identify; COPYRIGHT; define CONTENTS; specified CONTENTS; PREFACE; desk OF instances; desk OF STATUTES; desk OF ABBREVIATIONS; word list OF international phrases; 1 THE historical past OF eu INTEGRATION; 2 THE TREATY OF LISBON; three THE increasing club OF the eu UNION; four COMPETENCES OF the european; five THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK OF the ecu groups AND the ecu UNION; 6 LEGISLATIVE methods in the neighborhood; 7 resources OF neighborhood legislations; eight initial RULINGS: ARTICLE 234 EC; nine DIRECT APPLICABILITY OF neighborhood legislations; 10 DIRECT impression OF group legislations; eleven SUPREMACY OF neighborhood LAW.
summary: An in-depth and exact exam of, and remark at the key parts of institutional and of substantial european legislations coated on€most EU€law syllabi, €this new textbook€successfully combines authoritative textual content with the entire most modern case summaries and judgments
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Additional resources for European Union Law
The ECU had many functions: it was used in ﬁnancial settlements between diﬀerent Member States; the EC issued its bonds in ECUs; and, most importantly, the ECU was at the heart of the ERM I as it was used for credit facilities and for the intervention mechanism of the ERM I. Under the ERM I the currency of each Member State had a value against the ECU, and a cross-rate against all of the other EMS currencies – the bilateral central rate. 25 per cent around the central rate (except for Italy which was allowed a 6 per cent range).
Redmond, From Versailles to Maastricht. International Organisation in the Twentieth Century, 1996, Basingstoke: Macmillan, pp 154–9. 11 10:29:07:05:08 Page 11 Black PMS 7470 Page 12 Black PMS 7470 EUROPEAN UNION LAW they will because they do not have the power to stop decisions. ” 24 Inter-governmentalism is described as: “. . arrangements whereby nation states, in situations and conditions they can control, cooperate with one another on matters of common interest. ” 25 Under this mechanism decisions are made by unanimity.
The Treaty was concluded for a period of 50 years and expired on 23 July 2002. After its expiry the ECSC ceased to exist. To deal with the consequences of its disappearance a Protocol on the Financial Consequences of the Expiry of the CS Treaty and on the Research Fund for Coal and Steel was attached to the ToN. Pursuant to this Protocol the Council adopted a number of decisions to deal with the liquidation of the ECSC. On completion of liquidation, the net worth of the assets of the ECSC was transferred into “Assets of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel”, the revenue from which is used to ﬁnance research in sectors related to the coal and steel industry.