By H. Smith
This quantity offers an evaluate of the ecu Community's transformation from a comparatively cohesive and self sustaining overseas coverage actor. The EC's intervention within the high-profile critical American clash of the Eighties demonstrates a coherence and convergence round a coverage that used to be diverse from that of the U.S. and, after all, greater. The ebook additionally discusses how 4 key member states - Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany, France and Spain - reacted either to the turning out to be quandary in relevant the US and to West Europe's conflictual kin with the united states. The premiss of this publication is that the EC's overseas coverage luck won't simply be emulated in one other overseas situation. whereas the european is still a non-unitary, non-state actor, it's only in "non-crisis" that the european, really an enlarged european, may be capable of function a good international coverage post-Maastricht.
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Additional info for European Union Foreign Policy and Central America
2 The argument, however, does not rest or depend on the assumption that the EC has operated in a similar fashion to the nation state in contemporary international relations. Instead an attempt is made to explain the particular features of the EC's actor capacity in international relations and how those The Nature of EU Foreign Policy 19 particular features were operationalised in foreign policy terms. One reason that the EC was in some ways unique as an international actor was because of its differences from (as an actor making and implementing foreign policy) as well as its commonalities with the nation-state.
The more immediate systemic context is a delimited international system: that of West-West relations, and in particular that of European Community-United States relations. For the purposes of this study EC-US relations form an important sub-systemic analytical context. Two interrelated problems in the study of EC foreign policy are discussed. The first is the formerly conventional analytical division between two aspects of the EC's external activities: the 'external relations' of the EC and 'European Political Cooperation' (EPC).
It is true for our partners in world trade, the major industrialised nations. 40 At minimum the EC's external activities had a structural impact on international relations, which in some circumstances led to pressure for a foreign policy decision-making response. Besides its sometimes indirect political impact on international relations, the Community also operated as a self-defined and self-conscious political international actor vis-a-vis the mechanisms of EPC. This was the other, more visible arm of EC foreign policy.