European Solar Radiation Atlas: Solar Radiation on by Wolfgang Palz, Jürgen Greif (auth.), Wolfgang Palz, Jürgen

By Wolfgang Palz, Jürgen Greif (auth.), Wolfgang Palz, Jürgen Greif (eds.)

This atlas is a revised and up to date model of the eu sun Radiation Atlas released in 1984. The revised comprises tables and maps exhibiting per 30 days technique of international, diffuse and beam sun radiation in addition to sunhours for a good number of represenative websites in Europe. Tables express radiation on either horizontal and vulnerable surfaces. The revisions mirror the political advancements within the ecu Union and inside neighbouring international locations. The presentation of the tables has been stronger and extra info is integrated. An enlarged textual content part presents an advent to the systematics of sunlight radiation size and calculation. The sunlight info offered during this e-book is an invaluable resource of data for the estimation of the strength harvest power for sunlight structures. the knowledge inside the tables is supplied on disks in simply readable ASCII format.

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Additional info for European Solar Radiation Atlas: Solar Radiation on Horizontal and Inclined Surfaces

Example text

The mean values, being more dominated by diffuse radiation do not reveal the same strong dip. It is also instructive from the design point of view to plot out the ratios Dm/Gm from the horizontal and inclined surface radiation tables. This helps bring out the relative importance of the contribution of diffuse radiation to the incident solar radiation on differently inclined surfaces at various times of the year. Figure 2 provides such data plotted from the basic radiation tables for Valentia in Ireland and Figure 3 for Carpentras in France.

It should be noted that the two parts of each slope table were deliberately calculated using different dates in the month. 1 for the declination values used). In order to give proper weight to actual radiation observations, all the horizontal modelled predictions were normalized first, thus the predicted daily totals, obtained by summing the hourly predicted mean hourly values of Ghrn and Ghc were adjusted to match their sum precisely to the observed monthly 25 G mean, and observed monthly Gmax radiation values on the horizontal surface.

Daylength was calculated assuming the sunshine recorder did not bum until the elevation of the sun was four degrees. The ratio used was therefore S/S04deg, where S is the monthly mean sunshine. 1 for the key declination values used). As discussed in Section 13, the representative diffuse irradiation from overcast skies on sunless days can be expressed as a simple function of the solar altitude (refer Table 3). Corrections are necessary, however, to take into account the brightness distribution of the overcast sky when making slope estimates (refer Table 4).

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