European Foreign Policy during the Cold War: Heath, Brandt, by Daniel Möckli

By Daniel Möckli

Europe's first makes an attempt at a united overseas coverage after 1969 have been remarkably profitable, yet by way of 1974 this short second of harmony had vanished. Why have been the EC international locations in a position to communicate with one voice within the early Nineteen Seventies, what prompted eu Political Cooperation to plunge into predicament, and what consequences--still felt today--did this have for Europe’s position on the earth and its kinfolk with the USA? This ground-breaking e-book is the 1st to research this era utilizing formerly unavailable archival fabric and first-hand interviews. eu overseas coverage through the chilly warfare illuminates the problem of creating Europe as an efficient political energy with great readability. Filling an enormous hole within the background of Europe, it covers a subject matter that's hugely topical and arguable at the present time.

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Additional info for European Foreign Policy during the Cold War: Heath, Brandt, Pompidou and the Dream of Political Unity

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NEW LEADERS AND THE RELAUNCH OF EUROPE 19 the member states welcoming negotiations on enlargement, provided that the applicant states – Britain, Ireland, Denmark, and Norway – ‘accept the treaties and their political finality’ and ‘the decisions taken since the entry into force of the treaties’. It also meant a deepening of the Community, most notably by working out a plan to create an EMU. Finally, with the political objectives of the Community reaffirmed, attention was drawn to Europe’s role in ‘promoting the relaxation of international tension and the rapprochement among all peoples, and first and foremost among those of the entire European continent’.

Whereas the EC-related work of the Six in Brussels became characterised by a growing spirit of optimism and cooperation, the parallel deliberations on l’Europe politique took place in an atmosphere of ongoing distrust and tension. Disagreement about the role of Britain in producing the study continued to be a major problem. The fact that the study was to be worked out just when Ostpolitik entered into its operative phase proved to be a second major obstacle. If Brandt’s policy towards the East and the ‘German question’ were essential motives behind EC enlargement, they became a hindrance for Europe’s political unification.

The Belgians had joined the FRG in blocking progress in the absence of French participation. Also, the WEU had run into financial trouble, as France refused to pay its share of dues. 83 Against this background of a continuing stalemate in the WEU, debates on political cooperation had gradually shifted back to the EC-Six. In France, the WEU crisis came to be seen as an opportunity for reviving the idea of foreign policy cooperation à Six. Even though the French had 36 EUROPEAN FOREIGN POLICY DURING THE COLD WAR no blueprint at hand, Schumann suggested to Brandt in September 1969 that France was interested in the matter and that a start could be made with institutionalised meetings of the six foreign ministers.

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