By Peter Gold
Ceuta and Melilla are "enclaves" at the northern coast of Africa which have been Spanish for hundreds of years yet which are claimed via the dominion of Morocco. As an essential component of Spain the cities have additionally been a part of the territory of the ecu Union due to the fact 1986. Their detailed state of affairs has created huge stress within the courting (both political and fiscal) among Spain and Morocco. in addition to taking a look at this dating, the publication explains how the anomalous state of affairs of the enclaves impinges on matters equivalent to immigration from North and sub-Saharan Africa into the ecu, protection, alternate and the Spanish political scene in most cases.
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Additional resources for Europe or Africa?: A Contemporary Study of the Spanish North African Enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla
At a press conference at Rabat airport he refused to answer any questions on the enclaves, arguing that the subject had not been broached ‘because it does not come into the framework of topics for discussion between Spain and Morocco’. The Spanish Prime Minister would have been furious, however, when he returned home to find that the Catalan nationalists (in the shape of both the ruling Convergència i Unió [CiU] and the left-wing Iniciativa per CatalunyaEls Verds) were calling for a parliamentary debate on the enclaves, in The impact of the enclaves on Spanish–Moroccan relations 29 which they would urge the Government to establish a commission to enter into talks with Morocco.
Government representation in Melilla for the event was no higher than the level of the Minister for Public Administration. The decision by the Moroccan Government to try to restrain any protests in Morocco against the celebrations did not, however, deter them from raising the issue of the enclaves at the General Assembly of the United Nations in New York a week later. The Moroccan Prime Minister, Abdelatif Filali, described the enclaves as ‘Moroccan towns under Spanish occupation’ and called for a solution which would follow the example of Hong Kong and Macao.
Such a limited agenda will not have satisfied Morocco, but in itself it marked a new departure. The main Spanish opposition party certainly thought so, and two days later in Parliament the PP called upon the Prime Minister and the Foreign Secretary to clarify their comments. The Government insisted that there was no possibility of the question of sovereignty being discussed, and that their position on the enclaves had not changed. But the matter did not rest there. The Council of Ceuta, with the support of all parties except the PSOE, voted on 8 November to demand an explanation from the Prime Minister about his comments.