Epistemology, Logic and Grammar in the Analysis of by V. P. Bhatta

By V. P. Bhatta

Indian theories of sentence and its that means with detailed connection with grammar (Vyåakaraòna), common sense (Nyåaya), and ritualism (Måimåaòmsåa).

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Thus, when some one utters -the word 'gam' (cow) in the morning and 'anaya' (bring) in the :evening, the cognition of bringing the cow, that conditions the objectness of ' cow, is not produced as such an utteran ce lacks contiguity. Annambhatta, I n his Dipika explains that 'utterance o f words without abnormal delay' should be interpreted to mean the reference to the meanings produced by the words uttered without delay . Therefore, when refereDce to meanings produced by the words, uttered with abnormal delay, fails to prod uce any ,cognition , no harm need be assumed.

Jagadisa, too, almost in a similar vein states1 that what­ ever cluster of words has whatever syntactical expectancy for the cognition of whatever referents, the same cluster of words constitutes the sentence for the same cognition. For instance, since the cluster of words such as giim iinaya (yo u be the agent of bringing the cow) has the syntactical expectancy for gene­ rating the cog n ition that 'you should be the agent of bringing the cow that conditions the object ness of the cow', the sa me constitutes the sentence for the same cogn ition .

Independent of functional relations of individual words, be accepted to fecilitate the apprehension of syntactico�'SemaDtical relations between various referents of individual words that are found in a sentence. /It may h ere be noted that Prabbakara Misra and his foIIowers establish a theory which accepts even such syntactico­ seman tical relations as superstratumness etc. as referent­ qualifiers or prakiira (i . e . , as referred to by words) . _ According t o them, no item, unless it h as been perceived to have the functional relation of word and meaning, can be allowed to be.

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