Encyclopedia of Tourism by Jafar Jafari, Honggen Xiao

By Jafar Jafari, Honggen Xiao

This encyclopedia is the main entire and up to date resource of reference in tourism study and perform. It covers either conventional and rising thoughts and phrases and is absolutely foreign in its scope. greater than seven hundred contributions of 766 across the world well known specialists from 113 international locations supply a definitive entry to the information within the box of tourism, hospitality, game and comparable fields. All actors during this box will locate trustworthy and recent definitions and reasons of the foremost phrases of tourism during this reference paintings. Tourism is the most important around the globe and is the most resource of source of revenue for lots of nations. With either, this functional impression of tourism and a speedily constructing educational box, with more and more college classes and levels in tourism, and a flourishing study, this encyclopedia is the epicenter of this rising and constructing self-discipline.

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Holladay School of Hospitality, Sport and Tourism Management, Troy University, Brunswick, USA Keith Hollinshead Department of Tourism Studies, University of Bedfordshire, Luton, Bedfordshire, UK Glen Hornby University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia Graziela Scalise Horodyski Department of Tourism, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, Ponta Grossa, Brazil Petri Hottola FUNTS, University of Eastern Finland, Savonlinna, Finland Cathy H. C. Hsu School of Hotel and Tourism Management, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China Tzung-Cheng (T.

2012). Through planning and application of the principle of purposefully nonrestrictive design, the client base can be expanded and in turn greatly enhances the users’ experience and satisfaction. Information and communication technologies and assistive technologies have increased the possibilities for people with disabilities to participate independently in almost any area of daily life (Puhretmair and Nussbaum 2011). However, as the degree of disability increases, the amount of available options and essential information relating to ▶ travel for ▶ planning and choices decreases, often resulting in limited opportunities for tourism.

Mak Department of Tourism, Recreation and Leisure Studies, National Dong Hwa University, Shoufeng, Hualien, Taiwan Carles Manera Department of Applied Economics, University of the Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca, Spain Ajay Manrai Orchard Road and Amstel Avenue, Newark, USA Lalita Manrai Orchard Road and Amstel Avenue, Newark, USA Yoel Mansfeld Geography and Environmental Studies, Center for Tourism Research, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel David Manuel-Navarrete School of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA Artak Manukyan Armenian State University of Economics, Yerevan, Armenia Haretsebe Manwa North West University, Mahikeng, South Africa Manente Mara CISET, Ca’ Foscari University, Venice, Italy Lawal Marafa Department of Geography and Resource Management, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China Kevin Markwell School of Business and Tourism, Southern Cross University, East Lismore, Australia Contributors Contributors xxxvii Cipriano Marín Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, StarLight Initiative, Tenerife, Spain João Filipe Marques Faculty of Economics, University of Algarve, Faro, Portugal Keir Martin Department of Social Anthropology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway Filomena Maria Cardoso Pedrosa Martins Department of Environment and Planning, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal Giuseppe Marzano Universidad de Las Américas, Quito, Ecuador Azizan Marzuki School of Housing Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Georgetown, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia Lorenzo Masiero School of Hotel and Tourism Management, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China Antonio Massieu UNWTO, Madrid, Spain Lidia Svendsen Maza Dept.

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