By J. Beattie
A brand new interpretation of imperialism and environmental swap, and the anxieties imperialism generated via environmental transformation and interplay with unknown landscapes. Tying jointly South Asia and Australasia, this e-book demonstrates how environmental anxieties resulted in expanding nation source administration, conservation, and concrete reform.
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Additional resources for Empire and Environmental Anxiety: Health, Science, Art and Conservation in South Asia and Australasia, 1800-1920
73 Direct British control after 1858, following the uprising of the previous year, extended state intervention undertaken under Company rule. During the British Raj, the Indian civil service grew massively as did its military presence. Private irrigation schemes, attempted between 1858 and 1864, failed so the state took control, never again relinquishing their governance to private concerns. 76 Environmental anxieties played a key role in many of these developments. For instance, supporters of forest conservation, initially drawn from professionals in the medical service and later relying upon German-trained scientists and models, deployed highly alarmist and messianic language to emphasise the ‘civilisation-threatening consequences of deforestation’.
Far from simply fearing the effects of India, Australian settlers also expressed considerable health anxiety about the impact of tropical Australia. How, then, could Europeans rule tropical climates, given these environmental constraints? Responses to vulnerability in India: Movement and improvement The perceived inability of Europeans to successfully adapt to climates different from their own threatened to loosen the imperial grip on tropical colonies. 31 In military terms, perceptions of India’s unhealthy climate troubled imperial policymakers.
Precipitation rates vary accordingly. As well as the Himalaya, the Western Ghats run for almost 1600 km along western India. To the east lie the Eastern Ghats, and between both mountain ranges is the high Deccan plateau. To the north of the Deccan plateau are two mountain ranges which help to form the Deccan plateau into a triangle. 8). The latter includes a variety of moist deciduous monsoon forests, semi-evergreen and evergreen rain forests, swamps and grasslands. In the north, stretching from east to west, are the northern plains of India, dominated by the Indian deltaic systems.