By Robert M. Fogelson
A heritage of what was seen because the middle of the yankee urban. city historian Robert Fogelson supplies an account of ways downtown - and how americans thought of it - replaced among 1880 and 1950. Recreating battles over subways and skyscrapers, the creation of increased highways and parking bans, and different controversies, this paintings deals a standpoint on downtown's upward push and fall.
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Additional info for Downtown: Its Rise and Fall, 1880-1950
H. ” Richard Hurd took much the same position. ” t h e b u s i n e s s d i s t r i c t 25 Elevated railways, which ran at even higher speeds, had a similar impact, Hurd added. ” It a¤ected people, buildings, and, not least of all, cities. Noting that “the works of one generation are swept away by the works of the next,” Henry P. ” Speaking of New York’s bucolic Upper West Side, Andrew H. ” Not even cemeteries were immune to change. ” During the nineteenth century the city of Boston sold o¤ parts of the South Burial Ground for a street, a hotel, a factory addition, even a music hall.
The growth of downtown, they pointed out, drove middle- and upper-middleclass families from the center to the periphery. Left in their wake, amid stores, lofts, warehouses, and oªces, were single men, mostly lower and working class, who lived in boarding houses, cheap hotels, and tenement houses. This change created two problems, both of which seemed to grow increasingly serious in the late nineteenth century. One was ﬁscal. As these Americans saw it, the exodus of the well-to-do threatened to erode the tax base of the cities.