Disorders of the Neonatal Airway: Fundamentals for Practice by Janet Lioy, Steven E. Sobol

By Janet Lioy, Steven E. Sobol

Disorders of the Neonatal Airway serves as a finished, multidisciplinary source for all practitioners who take care of neonates with airway problems. With the evolution of advances in neonatology and neonatal airway care over the last 3 a long time, the survival cost and existence expectancy of untimely newborns have dramatically elevated to good over 50% in 24-25 week gestation babies. regrettably, survival with long term intubation has introduced a corresponding raise in received airway problems desiring collaborative excessive point neonatal and otolaryngological care. also, with the appearance of fetal remedy, congenital airway issues now make up a considerable variety of neonates with advanced airway problems. due to this truth, there was elevated specialise in the multidisciplinary evaluate and administration of neonatal airway problems.

The e-book is geared up into 3 sections: the 1st specializes in Malformations and Deformations, the second one makes a speciality of evaluate, evaluate, and remedy, and the 3rd discusses schooling, Simulation, and caliber.

As one of many basically finished assets at the subject, Disorders of the Neonatal Airway makes a speciality of a multidisciplinary method of the neonatal airway. This new angle makes this reference a needs to learn for practitioners from many disciplines.

The booklet is equipped into 3 sections: the 1st makes a speciality of Malformations and Deformations, the second one makes a speciality of review, evaluate, and therapy, and the 3rd discusses schooling, Simulation, and caliber.

As one of many in basic terms accomplished assets at the subject, Disorders of the Neonatal Airway makes a speciality of a multidisciplinary method of the neonatal airway. This special approach makes this reference a needs to learn for practitioners from many disciplines.

The booklet is geared up into 3 sections: the 1st specializes in Malformations and Deformations, the second one makes a speciality of review, assessment, and remedy, and the 3rd discusses schooling, Simulation, and caliber.

As one of many in basic terms entire assets at the subject, Disorders of the Neonatal Airway makes a speciality of a multidisciplinary method of the neonatal airway. This new angle makes this reference a needs to learn for practitioners from many disciplines.

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Extra resources for Disorders of the Neonatal Airway: Fundamentals for Practice

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Diagnosis. Distinguishing clinical features and radiographic findings (malar hypoplasia, hypoplasia of the zygoma on CT scan or X-rays) are sufficient for diagnosis. Genetic testing is available. Management. An airway evaluation is often required to assess for obstruction secondary to micrognathia. Airway management is aimed at relieving base of tongue obstruction at the level of the oropharynx. Non-operative management includes prone positioning, oral airway placement, nasopharyngeal stenting, and short-term intubation.

As the nasal bones grow, they obliterate this prenasal space. History, Physical and Imaging In the setting of a neonate with a severely compromised airway, history taking will be secondary to assessment and stabilization. However, once the child is stabilized, a focused history should be taken (Fig. 1). It is of significance to note J. E. 1007/978-1-4939-1610-8_3, © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015 25 J. Anderson et al. 26 History Physical Onset of symptoms (immediate vs delayed) Constant vs intermittent Exacerbating/remitting factors History of adjunctive procedures required Gestational age Route of delivery Instrumentation during delivery Prenatal complications Known nutritional deficiencies (folate) Exposures (drugs, alcohol, toxins, radiation) Family history of craniofacial syndromes Any history of prenatal screening Prenatal ultrasound results Evidence of respiratory distress: Cyanosis Loud stridor/stertor Retractions, alar flaring Hypoxemia/hypercarbia Facial dysmorphisms Midface hypoplasia Bubbling from the nares Anterior rhinoscopy Mirror exam to look for fogging Passage of suction catheter Flexible fiberoptic nasopharyngoscopy Fig.

Long-term, Tracheal Cartilaginous Sleeve in Craniosynostosis Syndromes Etiology. Tracheal cartilaginous sleeve (TCS), a rare airway malformation in which the normally discrete tracheal rings are replaced by a continuous cartilaginous segment, has been associated with multiple craniosynostosis syndromes but most commonly in Crouzon, Pfeiffer and Apert syndromes [25]. Please refer to the earlier section for an overview of mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) gene in these craniosynostosis syndromes.

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