By Francis Byrne, Thom Huebner
This selection of unique essays is meant to either have fun Derek Bickerton's sixty-fifth birthday and honor his lengthy and eminent occupation. each one writer integrated within the quantity is a famous pupil who has unusual him/herself in a few region of linguistics and has professionally or in my opinion interacted with Bickerton and been stimulated by way of his paintings. whereas the papers make self sufficient thematic contributions, additionally they talk about, increase, current possible choices to, or are encouraged indirectly by way of Bickerton's seminal rules or penetrating analyses. The e-book is equipped into five sections, every one a mirrored image of an immense examine interval in Bickerton's profession: part 1: deciding on Creoles; part 2: Language version; part three: Creole tactics; part four: Creole Syntax and Semantics; part five: Serial Verbs.
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Extra resources for Development and Structures of Creole Languages: Essays in honor of Derek Bickerton
Language in Society 9:167-93. Thomason, Sarah, & Terrence Kaufman. 1988. Language contact, creolization, and genetic linguistics. Berkeley: University of California Press. Wolfram, Walt. 1984. Unmarked tense in American Indian English. American Speech 59:31-50. Guillermo Bartelt Department of English California State University Northridge, C A 91330 SECTION TWO: LANGUAGE VARIATION STYLE, STATUS, CHANGE: THREE SOCIOLINGUISTIC AXIOMS Dennis Preston T h e relationship a m o n g influencing factors in variation studies is not a wellagreed upon matter.
AMERICAN INDIAN ENGLISH -- 35 Since this semantic distinction rests on the nature of the proposition, it could be argued that the zero form verbs give and help are actually nonstatives referring to past time and, thus, belong to the unmarked nonanterior tense. O n the other hand, the past form verb was could be regarded as a stative in a durative context that refers to past time and belongs to the marked anterior tense. These occurrences of zero and marked past forms in A E seem to resemble those reported for Guyanese in Bickerton (1975:29,35).
O n e occurrence of unmarked tense, as in: 3) Last year he stop at the pueblo. is simply attributed to the reduction of word final consonants or consonant clusters. Previously, a similar conclusion had led Cook (1982) to m a k e the claim that zero tense forms are part of a Southwestern areal phenomenon since most native languages of the region avoid final consonants and lack final consonant AMERICAN INDIAN ENGLISH -- 33 clusters. Other occurrences of unmarked tense, as in (3), are accounted for by Wolfram (1984:38) in terms of convergence of irregular verb formation and historical present forms.