By Muhammad Farooq, Kadambot H. M. Siddique
Conservation agriculture—consisting of 4 parts together with everlasting soil disguise, minimal soil disturbance, diverse crop rotations and built-in weed management—is thought of the central pathway to sustainable agriculture and the conservation of traditional assets and the surroundings. major researchers within the box describe the elemental ideas of conservation agriculture, and synthesize fresh advances and advancements in conservation agriculture examine. This publication is a prepared reference on conservation agriculture and reinforces the certainty for its usage to enhance environmentally sustainable and ecocnomic nutrients construction structures. The booklet describes numerous components of conservation agriculture; highlights the linked breeding and modeling efforts; analyses the stories and demanding situations in conservation agriculture in numerous areas of the realm; and proposes a few pragmatic techniques and new parts of study during this extremely important quarter of agriculture.
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Plant Soil 174:255–277 Giller KE, Cadisch G, Ehaliotis C, Adams E, Sakala WD, Mafongoya PL (1997) Building soil nitrogen capital in Africa. In: Buresh RJ, Sanchez PA, Calhoun F (eds) Replenishing soil fertility in Africa. Soil Science Society of America Special Publication No. 51, Madison, pp 81–95 Giller KE, Witter E, Corbeels M, Tittonell P (2009) Conservation agriculture and smallholder farming in Africa: the heretics’ view. Field Crops Res 114:23–34 Glass GV (1976) Primary, secondary, and meta-analysis of research.
Maize and system performance. Field Crops Res 79:123–137 Franzluebbers AJ, Arshad MA (1996) Soil organic matter pools during early adoption of conservation tillage in northwestern Canada. Soil Sci Soc Am 60:1422–1427 Gates S (2002) Review of methodology of quantitative reviews using meta-analysis in ecology. J Anim Ecol 71:547–557 Ghuman BS, Sur HS (2001) Tillage and residue management effects on soil properties and yields of rainfed maize and wheat in a subhumid subtropical climate. Soil Tillage Res 58:1–10 Giller KE (2001) Nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems.
In the Trans-Gangetic plains of India, crop residue management practices are largely incompatible with year-round mulch retention needed in CA despite significant biomass production (Erenstein 2011) due to other important activities for the household. 6 Future Outlook Much of the research on CA has been conducted at plot level, focusing on the effects of CA on soil quality, with little effort on how CA fits into broader farming systems (Giller et al. 2009; Baudron et al. 2012). Retention of crop residues as a mulch in the field is not feasible for most farmers due to competition for livestock feed and the need for more fertiliser, making CA unattractive for most farmers.