By Per Lundin
This booklet reports the shift within the historiography of computing from inventors and techniques to a user-perspective, and examines how the correct assets will be created, accrued, preserved, and disseminated. The textual content describes and evaluates a venture in Sweden that documented the tales of round seven hundred humans. The publication additionally offers a severe dialogue at the interpretation of oral facts, providing 3 case experiences on how this facts can tell us concerning the interplay of computing with large-scale alterations in economies, cultures, and societies. beneficial properties: describes a historiography aimed toward addressing the query of ways computing formed and reworked Swedish society among 1950 and 1980; provides a user-centered point of view at the background of computing, after explaining some great benefits of such an technique; examines the documentation of clients, describing novel and cutting edge documentation tools; discusses the professionals and cons of collaborative initiatives among academia and industry.
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Extra info for Computers in Swedish Society: Documenting Early Use and Trends
Although the outcome of these first steps may seem poor at first glance, they, nevertheless, were important, since they forced the participants to reflect on methodological questions. It became clear that interviews had to be conducted in another way and that written recollections, given the low response rate, had to be acquired on a large scale. Meanwhile, the first steering group was dissolved in 2005 and replaced with a new composition where representatives from museums, trade and industry, and universities took their place.
21 See, for instance, Daniel J. , “Oral History in the Digital Age,” in The Oxford Handbook of Oral History, ed. Donald A. Ritchie (New York, 2011), 499–515. 22 On the blog as a method, see, for instance, Liisa Avelin, “Oral History and E-Research: Collecting Memories of the 1960s and 1970s Youth Culture,” in Oral History: The Challenges of Dialogue, ed. Marta Kurkowska-Budzan and Krzysztof Zamorski (Amsterdam, 2009), 35–46. 20 40 2 Documenting the Use of Computers documented. The relationship between the methodological approach and the stories one wants to collect is crucial.
But how much influence should the historically trained scholar exert when conducting interviews? Hoddeson makes a distinction between “passive” and “interactive” interviews. ” According to Hoddeson, “[b]oth mask and face are important objects of study for the oral historian; exploring their relationship helps her to understand how interviewees see themselves in relation to their culture. ”12 Hoddeson urges the historian to use jolts as an interviewing technique that helps probe the mask. There are two principal techniques for stimulating jolts.