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Extra info for Computational linguistics Models, Resources, Applications
Any consistent classification implies separation of entities to several non-intersecting groups. However, in the case under our study, the verb dar should be considered belonging to two different subcategories. Or else two verbs dar should be introduced, with equal meanings and equal semantic valency sets, but with different subcategorization frames. In fact, the situation in languages with the free word order is even more complicated. Indeed, the verb dar can have their donation and receptor actants staying before the subject, like in the sentence A Elena (3) le dio Juan (1) muchas flores (2).
E. the first valency or the verb, with the role of donator. The actants are used with verbs more frequently than the socalled circonstants. , through a combination of a preposition and (usually) a noun. However, the way they are expressed in text does not usually depend on a specific verb. Thus, in the first approximation, the difference between actants and circonstants can be roughly summarized as follows. • In the syntactic aspect, actants are expressed peculiarly depending on the specific verb, whereas circonstants do not depend on the specific verb in their form, and • In the semantic aspect, actants are obligatory participants of the situation described by the verb, while circonstants are not.
What practical results does it provide for society? , applications, or products, of this discipline. We consider such applications in a very broad sense, including in this category all known tasks of word processing, as well as those of text processing, text generation, dialogue in a natural language, and language understanding. Some of these applications already provide the user with satisfactory solutions for their tasks, especially for English, while other tasks and languages have been under continuous research in recent decades.