By Edgar Pieterse
Towns are the long run. some time past 20 years, a world city revolution has taken position, normally within the South. The 'mega-cities' of the constructing international are domestic to over 10 million humans every one or even smaller towns are experiencing extraordinary inhabitants surges. the issues surrounding this inflow of individuals - slums, poverty, unemployment and shortage of governance - were good documented. urban futures is a robust indictment of the present consensus on the best way to take care of those demanding situations. Pieterse argues that the present 'shelter for all' and 'urban solid governance' rules deal with simply the indications, now not the explanations of the matter. in its place, he claims, there's an pressing have to reinvigorate civil society in those towns, to inspire radical democracy, monetary resilience, social resistance and environmental sustainability folded into the standard issues of marginalised humans.
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Extra info for City Futures: Confronting the Crisis of Urban Development
This coincides very closely with the argument I have been presenting here: locating the responsibility of municipalities to deal with accelerated rates of urbanization at the same moment as the global economy undergoes a series of deep structural changes, which drives particular terri torial imperatives. For example, the rise of more design-intensive and export-oriented manufacturing activity drives a demand for high-quality transport, communications and freight logistics infra structures. Similarly, those countries in the South that can be classified as middle-income countries seek to compete with each other and Northern countries to attract ever larger slices of the rapidly growing and highly lucrative finance-related services sectors as well as tourism.
Interestingly, in 2007 the Special Rapporteur carried out a review of South Africa’s housing policies and programmes. ’5 This is fascinating because it is, of course, the dominance of property rights, particularly private property rights, which are enshrined in the constitution, that play a big part in the inability of South Africa to give effect to the progressive realization of housing rights. Unfortunately, the tension between private property rights and housing rights are left hanging in the GCST, which weakens the transformative potential of the document.
In urbanization trends urban management terms what this meant was major investments in economic infrastructure to secure and retain the manufacturing activities of TNCs. In this division of economic activity, the North retained coordination, product design and marketing functions, which in turn became more and more profitable because competitiveness depends increasingly on data and knowledge management functions. This brings me to a brief discussion on the rise of service sectors over the last three decades as the world absorbed a further 2 billion urban dwellers.