By Arthur J. Riopelle (auth.), Hiram E. Fitzgerald, John A. Mullins, Patricia Gage (eds.)
The underlying subject matter uniting the papers of this quantity is the hunt for one more knowing of human habit. The similarities among the behaviors of alternative primates and people have captivated us even sooner than a technology arose. yet what's the justification for making such comparisons? Comparisons, like classifications, should be made on any foundation no matter what. the purpose in making any clinical comparability is equal to doing a type. that's, one makes an attempt to make the comparability on a "natural" foundation. usual, as a consequence, signifies that the comparability displays techniques that happen in nature. the basic paradigm for making normal comparisons in biology relies on evolutionary idea. The evolutionary paradigm is inherently one among comparisons among and inside species. Conversely, it's very unlikely to start to make move species comparisons with no making, implicitly at the least, evolutionary arguments. yet evolution is a fancy build of theories (Lewis, 1980), and comparisons may be produced from various theoretical bases. F or the sake of this dialogue we will be able to mix different types of sub-theories into different types: these having to do with descent with amendment, and people fascinated by the mechanics of evolutionary change--notably common selection.
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Extra info for Child Nurturance: Studies of Development in Nonhuman Primates
Under some circumstances, the ranks of young animals remained stable and correlated with mothers' ranks, even when their mothers were not present (Loy and Loy, 1974). Finally, maternal rank affects not only infant behavior, but in some situations may even affect infant survival. Lower ranking mothers may have poorer reproductive success than higher ranking females (Drickamer, 1974; Dunbar and Dunbar, 1977; Wheeler, per. ). Altmann (1980) did not find better survival rates in infants of high ranked females, but she did suggest that rank may influence such factors as age of menarche and interbirth intervals, and therefore indirectly contribute to the reproductive success of higher ranked females.
Vocalizations seem to be the important cue (Kaplan, Winship-Ball and Sim, 1978; though see Simons and Bielert, 1973, for contrasting results for macaques). Similar results showing the rhesus mother's preference for her own eight-month-old infant are presented by Sackett and Ruppenthal (1974), but the cues mothers used to discriminate between infants were not tested. Jensen (1965) found that pigtail macaque mothers form consistent preferences for their own infants from the end of the first week of the infants' lives.
National Education Press, 1973, pp. 237-256. Cheek, D. , Holt, A. , London, W. , Ellenberg, J. , Hill, D. , and Sever, J. L. Nutritional studies in the pregnant rhesus monkey--the effect of protein-calorie or protein deprivation on growth of the fetal brain. American Joumal of Clinical Nutrition, 1976,29, 1149-1157. Chow, B. , and Lee, C. J. Effect of dietary restriction on pregnant rats on body weight gain of the offspring. Joumal of Nutrition, 1964, 82, 10-18. Churchill, J. , Neff, J. , and Caldwell, D.