Carnap's Construction of the World: The Aufbau and the by Alan W. Richardson

By Alan W. Richardson

This e-book is a tremendous contribution to the heritage of analytic philosophy in most cases and logical positivism particularly. It presents the 1st specified and complete learn of Rudolf Carnap, essentially the most influential figures in twentieth-century philosophy. This ebook fills an important hole within the literature at the historical past of twentieth-century philosophy, and may be of specific significance to historians of analytic philosophy, philosophers of technological know-how, and historians of technology.

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Consider the puzzles that await the reader in just the first sixteen sections. Things start out well in part I - Carnap gives Russell's "supreme maxim for scientific philosophizing" ("Wherever possible, logical constructions are to be substituted for inferred entities") as the motto for his book. Moreover, the early sections are full of references and allusions to both Russell's logicist reduction of mathematics to logic and his application of logic to empirical knowledge. 31 The empiricist reader of the Aufbau begins to get uneasy when Carnap claims, in section 5, to be neutral toward the dispute between realists and Marburg neo-Kantian idealists on the issue of whether the mind constructs objects or merely apprehends them via concepts.

In practice, the streams of experience are conceived as ordered by a single relation, termed recollection of similarity (Rs), which holds between two elementary experiences of any given subject when one such experience is similar to a recollected representation of the other. ) The recollec32 Knowledge versus experience tion of similarity relation is sufficiently structurally similar across agents to allow the objects of science to be defined from its structure. This procedure yields objects common to and identical for all agents.

When one is acquainted with something (particular, universal, fact) one is presented with it. The question then is, How can one acquire knowledge by description of things? The answer Russell (1905/1973, p. e. " This principle, which I shall, following Hylton (1990, p. 245), dub the principle of acquaintance, sets the goal of analysis. A proposition has been fully analyzed when all the constituents of it are entities with which one is acquainted. This analytic goal is supplemented with the technical machinery of formal logic to provide (Russell 1914/19816, p.

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