By Marisa von Bülow
Development Transnational Networks tells the tale of the way a large staff of civil society companies got here jointly to contest loose exchange negotiations within the Americas. in accordance with learn in Brazil, Chile, Mexico, the U.S., and Canada, it deals a whole hemispheric research of the production of civil society networks as they engaged within the politics of exchange. the writer demonstrates that the majority powerful transnational actors are those with robust household roots and that "southern" enterprises occupy key nodes in alternate networks. The fragility of activist networks stems from adjustments within the household political context in addition to from features of the corporations, the networks, or the activities they adopt. those findings improve and recommend new understandings of transnational collective motion.
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Extra resources for Building Transnational Networks: Civil Society and the Politics of Trade in the Americas
These actors defy the common labels that often are slapped on them, such as “anti-trade,” “protectionists,” or “anti-globalization,” which reflect a distorted and simplified view of collective action on trade. In fact, challengers of trade negotiations present a wide variety of agendas and perspectives on public policies, global governance, and globalization in general. The second choice that narrowed the empirical focus of the study was to apply a social network questionnaire to challengers of trade negotiations in four countries of the Americas: Brazil, Chile, Mexico, and the United States.
Gov, last accessed February 8, 2008. As part of MERCOSUR, Brazil has participated in trade negotiations with the European Union, the Southern Africa Customs Union, India, Egypt, Israel, and Morocco, among others. Brazil has also been a long-standing member (since 1980) of the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI). More recently, it has participated in launching a new initiative for South American integration. br, last accessed February 8, 2008. Besides the free trade agreement negotiated with the United States, Chile signed various bilateral agreements, for example, with Canada, Japan, Korea, Mexico, and Central America.
21 Civil Society Organizations and Their Pathways The National in Transnational Collective Action A key question in the transnationalism literature is: where is mobilization likely to be most effective? For some authors, given the weakening of the authority and power of national states, the global scale has become more relevant. 3 For others, states still hold considerable power, and thus actions at the national and local scales are most likely to succeed (Akça 2003; Halperin and Laxer 2003). By structuring the debate in either/or terms, both sides lose sight of the current dilemmas of coordination actors face – how to interact across boundaries – and the challenges scholars encounter – how to analyze the combination of collective action initiatives at these different scales.