Biodiversity in Agriculture: Domestication, Evolution, and by Paul Gepts, Thomas R. Famula, Robert L. Bettinger, Stephen

By Paul Gepts, Thomas R. Famula, Robert L. Bettinger, Stephen B. Brush, Ardeshir B. Damania, Patrick E. McGuire, Calvin O. Qualset

The advent of plant and animal agriculture represents some of the most vital milestones in human evolution. It contributed to the advance of towns, alphabets, new applied sciences, and eventually to civilizations, however it has additionally awarded a hazard to either human wellbeing and fitness and the surroundings. Bringing jointly study from a number fields together with anthropology, archaeology, ecology, economics, entomology, ethnobiology, genetics and geography, this publication addresses key questions with regards to agriculture. Why did agriculture advance and the place did it originate? What are the styles of domestication for vegetation and animals? How did agroecosystems originate and unfold from their destinations of foundation? Exploring the cultural elements of the advance of agricultural ecosystems, the booklet additionally highlights how those subject matters could be utilized to our figuring out of up to date agriculture, its long term sustainability, the co-existence of agriculture and the surroundings, and the advance of latest vegetation and kinds.

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Extra info for Biodiversity in Agriculture: Domestication, Evolution, and Sustainability

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To be domesticated and grown in a barnyard, an animal has to have a diet that we humans can economically supply. Hence we still have no domestic anteaters or giant pandas, because we can’t cheaply provide tons of ants and certain bamboo species as fodder. The animal has to grow rapidly: no farmer would want to wait 15 or 20 years for his barnyard gorilla or elephant to become full-sized, feeding and caring for it all those years, before the gorilla or elephant would be ready to send to the slaughterhouse.

Compositae (Asteraceae) Balsamorhiza sagittata Cirsium edule Cyperaceae *Cyperus esculentus Dennstaedtiaceae Pteridium aquilinum Hydrophyllaceae Hydrophyllum capitatum Leguminosae (Fabaceae) þ*Lupinus nootkatensis Trifolium wormskioldii Liliaceae þCamassia quamash C. leichtlinii Calochortus spp. Chlorogalum pomeridianum C. purpureum þErythronium spp. þFritillaria spp. þLilium spp. Portulacaceae Claytonia lanceolata þLewisia redidiva Rosaceae Potentilla anserina Typhaceae Typha spp. Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) Conioselinum pacificum þLomatium spp.

The Origins of Agriculture and Settled Life. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. Matsuoka Y, Y Vigouroux, MM Goodman et al. 2002. A single domestication for maize shown by multilocus microsatellite genotyping. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 99: 6080–4. McCoy MD and MW Graves. 2010. The role of agricultural innovation on Pacific Islands: a case study from Hawai’i Island. World Archaeology 42: 90–107. Myers N, RA Mittermeier, CG Mittermeier, GAB da Fonseca, and J Kent.

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