By Harald Bathelt, Maryann Feldman, Dieter F. Kogler
The major function of the ebook is to debate new developments within the dynamic geography of innovation and argue that during an period of accelerating globalization, developments look particularly dominant: inflexible territorial versions of innovation, and localized configurations of cutting edge actions. The booklet brings jointly students who're engaged on those subject matters. instead of targeting confirmed strategies and theories, the booklet goals to question slim factors, inflexible territorializations, and simplistic coverage frameworks; it presents facts that innovation, whereas no longer completely depending on nearby contexts, could be inspired by way of place-specific attributes.
The booklet will collect new empirical and conceptual paintings through an interdisciplinary staff of prime students from parts equivalent to fiscal geography, innovation stories, and political technology. in response to fresh discussions surrounding innovation structures of other kinds, it goals to synthesize cutting-edge knowledge and supply new views at the position of innovation and information construction within the worldwide political economy.
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Extra resources for Beyond Territory: Dynamic Geographies of Knowledge Creation, Diffusion and Innovation
Large urban economies bring with them greater industrial and occupa tional diversity that facilitate the transfer of innovations across industries (Jacobs 1 969) and that are thought to help incubate new firms (Duranton and Puga 2001 ) . g. highways, airports, ports and communications networks). ) is expressed as: VA = A K a 14wL�pw' (1) where K i s a measure of capital input, Lfll• is the number of production workers is the number of non-production workers. With a employed by the plant and little algebraic manipulation, equation ( 1 ) may be re-written such that labor pro ductivity (LP) is a function of capital and labor inputs: L11fl•l (2) The ASM does not provide plant-level estimates of capital and therefore we need to develop a proxy CK).
Turning to the results, the positive and significant coefficients for multi-plant status and foreign plant status suggest establishments that become part of a multi-plant or a foreign controlled enterprise tend to have higher productivity than single, domestic plants. 3 for all plants that comprise our balanced panel. Our labor mix variable exerts the largest impact of all agglomeration factors on productivity. Thus, plants located in urban areas where the supply of labor more closely matches the occupa tional demands of the plant's industry enjoy higher productivity than plants located in urban areas where there is a greater disconnect between the demand for labor within specific occupations and available supply .
This holds not only for larger single, domestic plants, but also for foreign/multi-plant firms. Why there are negative urbanization economies for smaller plants is open to question. We would expect congestion effects to affect all plants. More promising, perhaps, is a more dynamic explanation. That is, the option value of entry is higher in larger urban areas because of expected growth opportunities for less-skilled/experienced entrepre neurs. They are able to survive, even if their productivity growth is lagging, because of expanding local markets.