Belief (Muirhead Library of Philosophy) by Henry Habberley Price

By Henry Habberley Price

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But the denial that there are tigers in India involves no contradiction. It is logically possible that there should be no tigers in India, though as a matter of fact there are, THE VARIETIES OF KNOWLEDGE 49 If we return now to 'knowledge that', we can see that there are two course open to us. We can either divide 'knowledge that' into two kinds (I) knowledge of facts (2) knowledge of a priori truths; or else we can say that it is just knowledge of truths, and then divide truths into two kinds (I) empirical truths and (2) a priori truths.

You may know all the members of the Robinson-Smith family, including great-aunts and second cousins, whereas I only know Mr Robinson-Smith himself. This is very different from 'knowledge that'. What is known here is not a fact or a truth but an entity of some kind, or sometimes a group of entities. Most commonly, the entity is either a thing or a person. I use the word 'thing' with some misgivings. It is a little odd to call Scotland or Kensington Gardens a thing, and if we do call them things, we have to say that both of them are highly complex things.

Such re-visiting is however impossible with sense data. The visual sense data I am now experiencing cease to exist when I shut my eyes or turn my head. So much for knowing sense data by acquaintance. It turns out that this use of the term 'knowledge by acquaintance' is a technical one, different from the use it has in ordinary speech, though the 60 BELIEF two uses do have an important point in common, because knowledge by acquaintance has a first-hand or 'face-to-face' character in both cases alike.

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